Skip to main content

Full text of "Business Journal"

See other formats

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2010 with funding from 

Lyrasis Members and Sloan Foundation 


Hie PHnmarta Art Journal 



ulljr IBusiitPsa Journal 

When a student has mastered about all there is to learn of Account- 
ancy and Bookkeeping for any trading business in two 
comparatively brief sets, he is "going some. " 

That is what is accomplished in the Elementary and Wholesale Sets of Rowe's Bookkeeping and Account- 
ancy. These two sets teach a kind of bookkeeping that has never before been taught in commercial schools of any 
kind or grade. It is the kind of bookkeeping that is authorized by the leading accountants of the country. It is 
scientific, it is practical, and yet it has all been made very simple and easy for the student. 

When a student is qualified to take an old set of books, reconstruct the important trading and expense ac- 
counts into their proper sub-classifications, and practically rebuild a new set of books from them, he has about 
mastered the subject. This is just what he does in these two sets, particularly in the Wholesale Set. It is done 
by dropping obsolete methods and teaching the subject in the right way from the very start. He does not journalize 
cash and sales and purchases in one set, ana then do it some other way in another set. When he has completed the 
Wholesale Set, he understands the cash book, including the use of special columns thoroughly, he understands 
the ordinary sales book, also posting from sales orders to a separate sales ledger, he has kept two important forms 
of the purchases book, one with as much detail as is shown in the ordinary notes receivable book, and he can keep 
such unusual books as returned sales, sales rebates and allowances, insurance expense, and other books which 
have never been attempted or even illustrated in any prior work on the subject. We make the unqualified claim 
that the student has mastered about all there is to know in regard to any ordinary trading business upon the com- 
pletion of these two sets. The consequence is that in the more advanced sets, of which there will be four or five, 
we will be able to take the student into departments of higher accounting and bookkeeping that have never hereto- 
fore been attempted in any text. 

Now, Mr. Teacher, don't assume that this bookkeeping is like the others. It is not. This is very much 
different. It is full of practical things that you ought to know, whether you teach it or not. It is sweeping the 
country from one end to the other. It will be used in twice as many schools the coming year as any other book 
we have ever published that has been on the market for the same length of time. It is going into the university 
schools — the schools where they must, of necessity, lay the right ground-work for their courses in higher ac- 

Rowe's Bookkeeping and Accountancy stands by itself in what it accomplishes and in the results pro- 
duced. Look for the next issue of THE BUDGET, and see what it is doing in the hands of teachers. We are 
getting results now, and we are getting them fast, and thev are all of one kind. "Unexcelled," "unequalled," 
"heretofore impossible and unattainable," are some of the phrases that are used to express the idea. Do you get it? 
The idea is worth while. If it is true, it is the greatest accomplishment of modern times in .bookkeeping instruction. 
These teachers say it is true, and they say it in a way that leaves no question of doubt. Let us hear from you. 

THEH. M. ROWE COMPANY, sadler.7Swe rl c y ompany, Baltimore, Md. 

The Success of Its Penmanship System Determines the Success of a Business College 

YOU can't get around it. The other courses you teach may be par- 
excellent and your methods of instruction the very best, but if the System 
of Penmanship is weak or defective, you are carrying too heavy a handicap to 
get to the top of the ladder. You have got to get right on the penmanship 
system first and you can do that by adopting 

The Ransomerian System of Penmanship 
the most successful of them all. 

We have just issued from the press, a Penmanship Text Book of the 
Famous Ransomerian System -which has been especially designed for Busi- 
ness Colleges, High Schools and similar institutions. This book covers prac- 
tically every phase of Rapid Business Writing. It is by far the most com- 
prehensive, complete and practical book ever offered the teacher of penman- 
ship in his work, and we want to put a copy of it in every live business college 
and commercial department of High Schools with the view of its adoption. 
Many Business Colleges and High Schools have already adopted it. 

Full particulars, special prices to schools, etc., will be furnished upon request 




The Business Journal, Published by the Business Journal Company, 229 Broadway, New York. Horar« G Wealey, Editor. 
Enured >■ aecond-claM matter March 1, 1010, at the pout office at New York. N Y.. tinder the Act of March 3, 1879. 
Copyright. 1910, by The Buaineia Journal Company, 

SI]p (Business Journal 

Schools Seldom Change 




Read the following : 

Last March I celebrated my twenty-fifth anniversary as court stenographer here. In all these years 
I have had great satisfaction in the use of the Isaac Pitman System, and I believe that it combines, 
in a greater degree than any other, simplicity, freedom from too much nicety, and a practical rough- 
and-readyiness, and at the same time possesses sufficient flexibility and precision to make it adaptable 
for all kinds of technical verbatim reporting. I have been so well satisfied with it in actual work, 
that I have never even dreamed of changing. I have tested it in unique ways as a teacher. In one 
large class I taught without a book, simply using the blackboard and an ordinary flat ruler, the latter 
being used for the illustration of the consonants, and my pupils made marvellous progress by this 
method. I have in various towns in this province taught children, so that within one half-hour from 
the time I began my lecture, they could read readily sentences I would write on the board in Phono- 
graphy, such as, "Now you may read and write." From my experience of nearly thirty years as a 
phonographic teacher, journalist, and reporter, I would say that the very simple systems which can be 
learned in a phenomenally short time are usually too crude and simple for practical work ; while, on 
the other hand, the systems which are very highly articulated are adapted only to a peculiar type of 
mind. The Isaac Pitman System strikes the happy medium, and with proper presentation is bound 
to remain ahead of all others. — Thomas Bengough, C. S. R., Official Stenographer, Civil, Surrogate 
and Criminal Courts, Toronto. 

Write for particulars of a free correspondence course for teachers, and a copy of "Pitman's Shorthand Weekly" 

ISAAC PITMAN & SONS 31 Union Square, New York 

Publishers of "Course in Isaac Pitman Shorthand," $1.50. Adopted by the New York Board of Education 

A Practical Course in Touch Typewriting 

won more typewriting contests at the National Business Shows and at the Conven- 
tions of the Eastern Commercial Teachers' Association than all other systems com- 

At the National Business Show, Madison Square Garden, on October 25 last, 
Miss Lottie Betts in open competition aeainst the world's fastest amateurs wrote 2577 
words in thirty minutes WITH ONLY EIGHT ERRORS, establishing a new World's 
Record for Accuracy in an International Competition. 

At the same contest Miss Bessie Friedman in the Novice Championship of the 
World — for contestants who began the study of typewriting on or after September 1, 
1909 — made a record of 81 words per minute net. We believe we are safe in saying 
that Miss Friedman is the fastest tvpist of her age in the world. Both Miss Betts 
and Miss Friedman studied typewriting from PRACTICAL COURSE IN TOUCH 
TYPEWRITING, and both are writers of the Isaac Pitman System of Shorthand. 


Stiff paper covers, 50 cents ; cloth 75 cents. 
Teachers' Examination Copy, Postpaid, 34c and 50c. respectively. Mention School. 



In answering advertisements please mention The Business Journal. 

£JU)t Ilusmffts Journal 

nnHE reason that you find greater average speed among 
A operators of the Smith Premier Model 1 Typewriter, 
is not due solely to the fact of the Smith Premier's light touch 
and perfect mechanism, but largely to the fact that nearly all 
operations are controlled from the keyboard. The mind of the 
Smith Premier operator works faster, because it is not burdened 
by petty details. The work of the hands simply follows the 
work of the mind. 

fl And in addition to the greater average speed, greater average 
accuracy is the natural result from a brain that is free for brain 

€JA reputation for sending out thinking stenographers is the 
inevitable result when a business school equips with the Smith 
Premier Model 1 Typewriter. 

The Smith Premier Typewriter Co., Inc. 


In answering advertisements please mention The Business Journal 

©tie IBuatnrso Journal 

Why is Benn Pitman 

Phonography the Standard 
Shorthand of America? 

Because it is scientifically correct in its basic as- 
signment of signs to sounds. 

Because it is complete. Every English sound is 
positively represented, and every word of the lan- 
guage unmistakably written. 

Because it is rapid. Its speed possibilities are 
equal to the greatest demand made on the short- 
hand writer. 

Because it is easily written for many hours at a 
stretch without weariness. 

Because it is legible. Reporters who write it 
often have their notes transcribed by assistants that 
never heard the matter reported. 

Because it is easily learned. Many thousands 
of its students have become wage-earning aman- 
uenses in from four to eight months' study and 
Send for complete catalog of publications to 

The Phonographic Institute Company, 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

BENN PITMAN, President. 


"The System Without Exceptions" 

Munson Shorthand is the most consistent 
and logical System known. All its strokes are 
either straight lines or simple curves. A stroke 
once learned or a rule once stated is never de- 
parted from. Manual of Munson Shorthand 
is considered by many leading teachers and ex- 
ponents of the system as the most pedagogically 
arranged text on any system published. Munson 
shorthand is a science and is taught scientifically. 
Also use 

Munson Exercise Book 

Munson First Reader 

Munson Second Reader 

Munson Dictionary 

Dictation Studies—Munson 

Modern Typewriting 

Stenographer's Business Practice. 



378 Wabash Ave. 

1133 Broadway 



Amanuensis Phonography 

has earned this enviable title because of its skil- 
ful presentation of the 


Its simplicity makes easy the work of the 
teacher ; its thoroughness insures the success of 
the pupil. 

Examination copy (edition of 1910, with vo- 
cabulary) sent to schools upon receipt of fifty 


Publishers of Authoritative Shorthand Texts 

"The Student's Journal," monthly expo- 
nent of the Graham shorthand, is now in its 40th 
year of publication. $1.00 a year. Sample 
copy five cents. 


In the International Typewriting Contest held 
simultaneously in London and New York in Oc- 
tober, Rational Typists won the following events: 

SHIP. Won by Mr. H. O. Blaisdell, of New York, 
a graduate of Gregg School, Chicago. Speed, 109 
words net per minute, exceeding the record of last 
year by 14 words per minute. 

CHAMPIONSHIP. Won by Mr. J. L. Hoyt, of 
Kansas City. Speed, 95 words net per minute, ex- 
ceeding the record by 19 words per minute. 

LAND. Won for the second time by Mr. Emil A. 
Trefzger. a "Rational" typist of New York, on Oc- 
tober 18th. 

The Typewriting contest at the National Busi- 
ness Show, St. Louis, December 1st, was won by 
Mr. Gus R. Trefzger, a brother of the English 

All of these writers were trained on Rational Type- 
writing and are expert writers of Gregg Shorthand. 

Gregg Shorthand-Rational Typewriting form a 
winning combination. . 




El}t iUitsitWHS Journal 

A Successful Book in the Williams & Rogers Series 

Gano's Commercial Law 

By D. CURTIS GANO, LL. M.. of the Rochester Bar, assisted by SAMUEL 
C. WILLIAMS, Teacher of Commercial Law, Rochester Business Institute. 

A work for commercial courses which presents the fundamental principles of law that should 
be known by every business man. It aims, not to make lawyers of its readers, but to teach them to 
discern the ways that lead from litigation, and to enable them to conduct their business dealings with 
an intelligent idea of their rights and limitations. Throughout the text the legal principles are illus- 
trated by actual cases decided by the courts, which have been selected with great care; and in many 
instances where different conclusions have been arrived at by the courts in several States, these have 
been pointed out in detail. The book contains full sets of legal forms, given in appropriate connec- 
tion with the text, and valuable tabulations of the statutes of the various States on important topics. 
Technical terms are largely avoided. A teachers' handbook is issued for use in connection with it. 

American Book Company 





book of up-to-date Munson Phonography, beautifully engraved, carefully printed, substantially bound in cloth, 
128 pages, postpaid .75 

HOW TO MAKE A LIVING, likewise a new Munson reading book, 136 pages, postpaid .75 

PRACTICAL PHONOGRAPHY, a complete text-book of Munson Phonography, simple, direct, and 
eminently practical, 233 pages 1.00 

PHONOGRAPHIC EXERCISE BOOK, to be used in conjunction with "Practical Phonography," con- 
taining some 2500 words and phrases in longhand as they occur in the text-book, with space for phonographic 
outlines and teacher's corrections, postpaid .30 

A sample copy of any or all of the foregoing books will be sent to any teacher or school officer, for ex- 
amination, upon receipt of one-half the retail price. ' 



One Hundred Lessons in English - $1.00 

Prepared to meet the requirements of commercial 
schools, and intended to provide students with those 
essentials of practical English required in business 
intercourse. Especially adapted to the teaching of 

Packard's Progressive Business Prac- 
tice, four numbers, each, - $0.30 

What the student will be expected to do when he 
becomes an accountant in a business office, he is re- 
quired to do here, and with none of the cumbersome 
manipulation involved in other schemes of practice. 
This plan is simply ideal, and is so pronounced by all 
teachers who have used it. 

The New Packard Commercial Arith- 
metic - $1.50 

Recognited as the standard work on the subject. 

The Packard Commercial Arithmetic, 

School Edition - - $1.00 

Packard's Short Course in Bookkeep- 
ing * - $1.00 

Packard's Advanced Course in Book- 
keeping - - - - $1.25 

Both remarkable for their clearness and practical 

Packard's Bank Bookkeeping - $1.25 

A reliable exposition of banking as carried on at 
the present day. 


Any of the above books will be sent to teachers, for ex- 
amination, upon very reasonable terms. 
Correspondence invited. 

S. S. PACKARD, Publisher, 101 East 23d Street, New York 

In answering advertisements please mention The Business J 

35th Year 

rrHr t l g ^.,, ^ 


No. 6 

Ham pitman 

Born Smmbrtiigp. Hlilta. tiiuilanfi. 
3ulo 24. 1822. 

Sirft (fiinrimtati. (Dijio. H. ». A., 
Srrrmbrr 28. 1910. 

u.l)c Uusutrsa 3nurnal 


In the opinion of the Editors of The Journal, the National 
Federation made a wise move in deciding to go to Spokane 
for its next annual meeting. If the Federation is to be 
national in scope, it must be in territory. During its fourteen 
years of existence, it has held its meetings in a very small 
circle, the longest radius being from Chicago to Pittsburg, less 
than five hundred miles. The National Educational Associa- 
tion thinks nothing of holding one meeting in Boston, and 
the next in Seattle or Los Angeles. 

To be sure, there are those who will say that we cannot go 
so far west as Spokane, but we must think of those in Wash- 
ington who cannot come so far east as Pittsburg, or Cincin- 
nati, or even Chicago. Nevertheless, there will be a very 
large attendance of eastern and middle- west business educa- 
tors. The thing necessary to do, however, is for each one to 
begin laying his plans at once for the trip. The trip alone 
cannot help but be more valuable than an average meetmg, 
for in journeying from Chicago to Spokane, for instance, one 
will traverse a very delightful section of the country. A visit 
to Yellowstone Park is an education in itself, and to have un- 
folded to one's view the riches of the inter-mountain region 
is like visiting another planet. 

The Duty of Local Organizations. 

In order that every business educator may feel the touch of 
the Spokane Meeting, it is necessary that each local organ- 
ization that holds its meetings between now and' July, 1912, 
plan to send one or more delegates to that meeting. It may be 
necessary to pay the traveling expenses of that delegate out of 
the treasury, but it will be an investment which should bring 
returns a hundred fold. The delegate would be given an 
opportunity to visit a great man}' of the high grade progres- 
sive western schools. He could submit a report explaining 
in detail the exhaustless national resources of our great coun- 
try, the opportunities for young men in the West, and many 
other details could be brought to the attention of a local 
organization in a way that could not fail to be very impres- 
sive. Among the associations to whom this should strongly 
appeal, mention might be made, at random, of the following : 

New England Business School Managers' Association, 

New England Supervisors' Association, 

The Connecticut Business Educators' Association, 

Eastern Commercial Teachers' Association, 

New York Commercial Teachers' Association, 

Wisconsin Business Educators' Association, 

Indiana Commercial Teachers' Association, 

Central Commercial Teachers' Association, 

Ohio Commercial Teachers' Association, 

Missouri Valley Commercial Teachers' Association, 

Business Educators' Association of California, 

Washington State Teachers' Association, 

Oklahoma State Teachers' Association, and others. 

No doubt, the secretary of the Federation, F. M. Antwerp, 
as well as the secretary of the Private School Managers' Asso- 
ciation, A. F. Gates, will each do his part in seeing that such 
a procedure as this is carried out. 

A point we most strongly urge is that the officers of each 
one of these associations get into immediate touch with R. J. 
Maclean, secretary of the Spokane Chamber of Commerce, 
who will be glad to furnish them with all information they 
could possibly desire concerning the trip to Spokane and 

strike hard ! You Cons, hit back heavily ! Give each other 
arguments, not froth or pyrotechnics. Here are new ques- 
tions for your club : 

Resolved : 

That an income tax is a desirable part of a scheme of tax- 

That life in the country is more favorable to the develop- 
ment of a good character than life in the city. 

That capital punishment should be abolished in New York 

That poverty produces more crime than wealth or ignorance 


That pupil of yours who is enthusiastic in his work ought 
to be, and doubtless is, broad-minded enough to have a royal 
appetite for the good things which our table offers him ; and 
that pupil who is sluggish would be waked up if you gave 
him an appetizer. February is a fine time to get up a club 
for our Journal. Many pupils who entered last Fall had 
little appreciation then of what a magazine like ours would 
be of value to them ; but now they are dead in love with their 
penmanship, or their shorthand, or their bookkeeping, or some 
other study, and the really wise teacher would prove that 
wisdom by putting into the hands of every such pupil the 
monthly numbers of our magazine. Get up a club at once. A 
club of ninety-two comes just now from a school where one 
might possibly have expected twenty, — but the teachers were 
enterprising, enthusiastic, far-sighted, and their students evi- 
dently partook of their spirit and "go." February is a big 
clubbing month, and we are counting on you one and all. 


We have no hesitation in saying that the very best series of 
penmanship lessons presented in any magazine is to be found 
in The Business Journal, and our enthusiasm is daily con- 
firmed by the letters of teachers whose pupils are studying 
and practicing the Lessons which Mr. Mills furnishes. Let 
no teacher fail to have each pupil prepare at the close of his 
course the best specimens of his work, showing the advance- 
ment made, and send them to us for criticism. If found 
worthy, we shall be glad to send our beautiful Certificate, 
artistically engrossed with the name, date, etc., only asking a 
small fee for the engrosser's service. This is a Certificate 
worthy of any pupil in any home. 


The Medal Distribution will soon be in order. . All over the 
land they will drop into school after school, where ten sub- 
scribers to our magazine are following Mr. Mills' course of 
Lessons under the teacher's eyes, striving for the mastery, 
becoming sublimely enthusiastic, and getting the "swing of 
victory." Teachers, help every aspirant to do the best that 
is in him. Pupil, be at it and always at it daily. A Gold 
medal, Silver medal, and Bronze medal awaits you, and two 
Certificates are. offered, in each school, one for the greatest 
improvement made and one for the best writer. Forward, 
march ! 


Debaters, — Are you at it? Good long winter evenings 
afford you an opportunity for your debating club. You Pros, 


Our readers will find a fine account of the great Federation 
Meetings in the present number, the greater portion of which 
will be found in the News Edition. But the report will be 
continued in the March issue, with copious extracts of speeches 
and addresses by such notabilities as Enos Spencer, "Uncle" 
Robert Spencer, S. C. Williams, E. St. Elmo Lewis, and 
others. We believe we shall have the finest account of the 
Chicago Convention appearing anywhere, and other conven- 
tions are bv no means ignored. 


Plate 1. — The simplest movement exercise for beginning 
students is the large retraced oval. In the first line of this 
plate, we have four in a group. After making the first one 
going around from ten to twenty times, swing over and 
make the second one, and so on through. Having made sev- 

eral pages of line 1, the student should try his hand with line 
3. This is a Second Degree oval, one-half the size of the 
former, and requires a little more control. Many pages 
should be made of this exercise, endeavoring at all times to 
make the oval in proper form. 

Plate 2. — Capital A should be closed at the top, one half as 
wide as it is high, and finish with a curved stroke which 
passes just through the base line. Count 1, 2, 3. Make 60 
per minute. Capital C is made of two ovals, one small — half 

the height of the other — and a second one large. The chief 
trouble witli this letter in making the first oval is to bring it 
close enough to the base line. Alternate the letter with the 
movement drill. 


amlPWinhtm^mm/ §!9 

Plate 3. — The horizontal eight exercise is a good one to 

develop lateral movement. Make four to the line. Aim to 

keep both parts the same size. A very nice exercise is to 

begin with the small oval, gradually enlarging same until 

it is as large as one can make it. In line 3 this exercise is 
shown two spaces in height. It can be made larger after a 
student has developed considerable movement freedom. 


®l)p Stosittrss Snurttal 

Plate 4. — If one can make the simple oval, the O will pre- 
sent no difficulty. Observe that the finishing oval is small, 
and that it barely passes through the side of the oval when 
completed. Count 1, 2 and make 90 per minute. The E is 

another letter that is made up entirely of ovals. Care should 
be taken to make the first part on the proper slant, the rest 
of the letter will take care of itself. Do not make the second 
part unduly large. 

Plate 5. — In making the first line of this plate, the straight 
line or post should be made after which the oval can be 
thrown around it. This is an Indirect Oval. The purpose 

^j^^J-^^)^)^}^^) £?) C^ 

of making the first is to aid in getting the proper direction. 
In line 2 we have a specially prepared drill for eleven of the 
capital letters: K, H, K; N, M, W , U; Q, V, U, Y. 

Plate 6. — Three steps are necessary to master the M. First, 
sufficient drill on the special exercise in the first line of this 
plate ; second, a thorough mastery of the second line ; third, 
practice on the letter itself. The same instruction applies to 
the N. 

For Beginning Students. Students taking up practice in 
business writing, must bear in mind that one of the essen- 
tials in this style of writing is ease and rapidity of motion. 
Constant thought should be directed toward the development 
of a free and easy movement, and yet a movement that is at 
all times under perfect control. This does not mean that 
there should be any scribbling or scrawling. It means that 
every stroke should be made with some purpose, and yet a 
high degree of accuracy should not be sought. In fact, it is 

very unwise to attempt extreme accuracy in rapid business 
writing, for it demands too much attention to the manner of 
writing, whereas, the chief thought should be given to the 
substance of writing. 

Attention is called to the fact that medals will be awarded 
at the close of the school year for proficiency in penman- 
ship. This applies directly to those who are following this 
course. The winner is going to be someone who devotes all 
of his spare time to well directed practice. The results will 
depend upon the style of writing, and care must be taken that 
whatever movement is generated, the same must be in body 
writing. It is the application of movement to word, letter 
and sentence forms that is the true measure of successful 


Plate 1. — In making loop letters, one should always bear in 
mind that the loops are of equal width and length. Notice 
particularly where the strokes cross each other. Do not strive 

so hard for accuracy that you fail to develop an easy move- 
ment; for after all, it is far more important that one develop- 
an easy movement than that he should be so extremely ac- 

Qlljf Uusutc3s Jnm-ttal 


Plate 2. — The h and k are so similar that drill on one helps 
one to master the other. Observe that the finishing part of 
the k is no wider than the same part of the h. Fill many 

pages with practice work on each of the key words given. 
In kirk and kick you will have an opportunity to test your 
skill in making similar loop letters. 

Plate 3.— The p is given in two forms, one with the loop, rapid. Develop a rapid graceful style of letter, being careful 
the other without. The loop form is without doubt the more not to make the letter too large. 




(Jlje iliusmrss Jmtrnal 

-C-: : ':-?.' 


Plates 1 and 2. — From Geneva to Zeller we have an abund- 
ance of work for the advanced student to master. This 
series was begun in the last issue. The best plan of prac- 
tice is to work on each word separately until it is well in 
hand, and then proceed with another ; finally, returning to the 
first for a review. As an inducement to those who are 
really working as hard as they can to win a medal or cer- 
tificate, the editor will present a compendium of business 

writing to the ten students who not later than March 15th, 
send to The Journal office the best practice work on these 
words. The list should be complete, comprising those in 
January number. Make one line of each word. It may be 
possible that some of the specimens will be good enough to 
publish. If so, we shall be glad to engrave them. For this 
purpose, the work should be done in black ink. 



- •-'^'Z^^ 

Plate 3. — Here is a paragraph that should be written ten penmanship souvenir will be sent to the six who send in the 
times each day during the month of February. A beautiful best work on this paragraph between March 1 and 15. 



Product Work by J. D. Todd, Salt Lake City, Utah 

Contributions are solicited for this department from all the penmen. We want the best that the profession can 
supply. It is the plan to make this department one of the most interesting in the magazine. 


IE nourished design by O. J. Penrose, Elgin, 111., 
which has reached our desk, is very skilfully and 
delicately executed. 

Well written ornamental cards conveying 
Christmas Greetings came from Merritt Davis, 
Salem, Ore. He writes an excellent hand. 

C. C. Guyett, of Buffalo. N. Y., favors us with a letter writ- 
ten with white ink on blue paper. The business writing is of 
a very high grade. 

The ornamental specimens by Leslie E. Jones, of Elbridge, 
N. V., show that he is on the right road to excellent penman- 

P. O. Anderson, of Chillicothe, Mo., favors us with some of 
his fancy cards, which are very nicely done. 

The ornamental signatures by S. O. Smith, of Grand Rapids, 
Mich., rank among the very best. 

C. F. Gubitz, engrosser and teacher of penmanship, of 
Hartford, Conn., sends us a very delicately written specimen 
of his professional writing. 

Business capitals very near the Madarasz style came to us 
from Pedro Escalon, of Santa Ana, Central America. 

Pen written letters have been received from J. O. Peterson, 
Tacoma, Wask. ; W. E. Dennis, Breoklvn, N. Y. ; D. H. Far- 
ley, Trenton, N. J.; H. N. Staley, Baltimore, Md. ; H. B. 
Cole, Boston, Mass. ; E. S. Colton, Brookline, Mass. ; C. T. 
Rickard, Minneapolis, Minn.; E. J. Plantier, Bellows Falls, 

From the following we received well written superscrip- 
tions : D. H. Farley, Trenton, N. J. ; E. J. Goddard. Spencer, 
Mass. ; O. E. Draper, Pullman, Wash. ; A. Rheude, Milwaukee, 
Wis.; F. W. Gage, Boston, Mass.; C. E. Baldwin, Columbia t 
Mo.; A. W. Morse, Hudson, Mass.; D. L. Callison, Wichita. 
Kans. ; C. F. Gubitz, Hartford, Conn.; R. A. Spellman, Taun- 
ton, Mass.; W. L. Cochran. Wheeling, W. Va. ; K. C. At- 
tacks, Passaic, N. J.; C. F. Nesse, Chico, Calif.; T. B. Green- 
law, Flora. 111.; W. G. Crabbe, Washington, D. C. ; L. G. 
Lloyd, Yonkers, N. Y. ; S. O. Smith, Grand Rapids, Mich. ; L. 
M. Holmes, Pittsburg, Pa.; S. B. Johnson, Chicago, 111.; G. 
F. Humphries, Colorado Sorings, Colo.: J. H. Janson, Napa, 
Calif.; G. Yungkurth. Philadelphia, Pa.; C. J. Gruenbaum, 
Lima, Ohio. 

E. C. Mills, Rochester, X. Y. ; A. H. Steadman, Cincinnati, 
Ohio; A. Hartkorn, Far Rockaway, X. Y. ; E. H. McGhee, 
Trenton, N. J. ; W. P. Potter, Sparta, 111. ; L. Faretra, Boston, 
Mass.; J. N. Fulton, Ft. Wayne, Ind. ; J. D. Todd, Salt Lake 
Citv, Utah; T P. McMenamin, Philadelphia, Pa.; Merritt 
Davis, Salem, Ore.; C. H. Larsh, Brooklyn, N. Y. ; C. J, 
Potter, Burlington, la.; D. Elston, Edmonton, Alta., Can.; H. 
W. Patten, Philadelphia; Cyrus W. Field, Derroit, Mich.; J. 
H. Clark, Providence, R. I. : Minnie E. Compton, Flint, Mich. ; 
W. R. Hill, North Adams, Mass. ; T. S. Lilly, Mt. Lookout, W. 
Va. ; C. H. Hewitt, Philadelphia. 

S. C. Bedinger, Stillwater. Okla. ; J. B. Krutza, Denver, 
Colo.; C. C. Lister, New York; E. S. Colton, Brookline, 
Mass.; H. B. Lehman, St. Louis, Mo.; C. A. Barnett, Oberlin, 
Ohio; W. C. Browmfield, Bowling Green, Ky. ; a. M. Poole, 
Easton, Pa. ; H. X. Staley, Baltimore, Md. ; J. J. Hagen, 
Minneapolis, Minn.; A. C. Sloan, Toledo, Ohio; W. I. Monroe, 
Waterbury, Conn. ; F. W. Tamblyn, Kansas City, Mo. ; C. W. 
Jones, Brockton, Mass.; J. D. Valentine, Pittsburg, Pa.; A. B. 
Wraught, Pittsfield. Mass. ; F. A. Curtis, Hartford, Conn. ; N. 
S. Smith, Waco, Tex.; W. S. Morris, Lonaconing, Md. ; Sr. 
Mary Germaine, Mon oe, Mich. ; J. A. Snyder, Big Raoids, 
Mich.; W. A. Hoffman. Valparaiso, Ind.; L. E. Stacv, Mead- 
ville. Pa. ; A. L. Peer, Tonkowa, Okla. ; W. H. Patrick, York, 
Pa. ; A. E. Parsons, Keokuk, la. ; F. L. Dyke, Cleveland, Ohio ; 
J. H. Bachtenkircher, Lafavette, Ind. ; J. T. Evans, Wilkes- 
barre. Pa. ; P. L. Greenw-ood, Minneapolis, Minn. ; T. Court- 
ney. Salt Lake City, Utah; Rev. P. H. Brooks, Wilkesbarre, 
Pa. ; E. A. Dieterich. Cincinnati, Ohio ; S. S. Pike, Alburg, 
Vt. ; S. D. Holt, Philadelphia : P. W. Costello, Scranton, Pa ; 
W. A. Lindsay, Weaubleau, Mo. ; W. W. Bennett, Milwaukee, 
Wis. ; L. C. McCann, Mahanoy Citv, Pa. ; E. A. Rishor. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 

J. H. Whaley, Rome, X. Y. ; M. Otero Colmenero, San 
Juan, P. R. ■ J. W. C. Oilman, Boston, Mass. ; R. S. Collins, 
Philadelphia ; H. W. English, Shamokin. Pa. ; O. J. Penrose. 
Elgin, 111. ; C. L. Anderson, Alcester, S. D. ; Hastings Hawkes, 
Lexington, Mass. ; A. S. Osborn, New York City ; F. A. 
Ashley, Philadelphia; D. L. Hunt, Eau Claire, Wis.; X. C. 
Brewster, Wellsboro, Pa.: J. C. Barber, Providence, R. I.; 
T. P. Smith, Durham, X. C 

By C. A. Robertson, Worcester, Mass. 


<Fljr 1Busittrs3 Jnnrttal 

^.f a^mF51cc<dtuc[ of 1&j - 


Uic tofiiwitut was adapted : 


o\tr profession f*si~ 

3Hc vMnlnncdto a utanvl- 
vni$4&jreciu««f<m<ttis of 

fufu<ss «.11td&ol<ht?S$ tit 

Sc l i ji l^^'i i Ti 1 1 iV 

K I it 

I lie u>os atfft ttire*t$Ji 
hispenmansnip sfafl 1 
t*ei<ctrinj,t* ttjcwiF 
aae,t> msptre t> titqli 
ajaek csecufon as fott 
few men ever kw<— 


beauttfof m curve, 

__ in otthrasJ^m Har- 

ofcanj.tficrein) sftrrhuj a*ph- 

dnis to, adi«>u *m?1* exccl'&ncc 

_Ut? climax. 

iwarSdT^vn-a^cwis and \)«t ten*«r bi 
spjrii, ^ufusivx Sutottsianim • 6ts 
drod^n*\attdirittidsntps r ~as ln*s< 
t!Sit% -\&r$> uv>uru tiU dcain 

The Madarasz Memorial Album. Engrossed by W. E. Dennis. 

5tfje lBustttfHs Journal 



uv okiid«urpr*found£i|ni- 
pauuj in ikv**rn>w and 1*3$. 
vtnd\»c Bid lWrk» cikroli 6U 
nvmcui as a lis-ritaac no *n<- 
<lk can s* rufil) appreciate as 
stw *a4W cn^d ok cfoscst k- 
tatitnst* InVitcarh 


T his late home in San Francisco, Calif., on Fri- 
day, 7:30 P. M., December 23, 1910, there passed 
SM"««i jam from this life all that was mortal of Louis 
/fiSpvn Madarasz, known since 1876 as one of the most 
II gifted penmen America has ever produced. It 
is impossible in a short sketch of his life to give any ade- 
quate account of the work he did for the profession, his suc- 
cess as a teacher, his ability as a man, his loyalty and patriot- 
ism as a citizen. 

Mr. Madarasz returned to New York from Nevada in the 
fall of 1908, where he had been for more than a year in the 
Goldfield Mining District. He was then stricken with a fatal 
malady, and the doctors gave to his family very little hope of 
complete recovery. 

After spending the winter of 1908-09 in New York City, 
he and his wife removed to Knoxville, Tenn., in the hope 
that the mild and soothing climate of that region would be 
beneficial. It seems to have been of little help, and in May, 
1910, they removed to Napa, Calif., where they resided in 
the country for a few months, hoping that this change would 
improve his condition. He must have improved somewhat, 
for in August he removed to San Francisco, and engaged 
with the San Francisco Business College. 

There is no question but that the end would have come 
much sooner to an ordinary man, but Mr. Madarasz was en- 
dowed with great physical strength. In full health and vigor, 
he stood six feet in height and weighed two hundred pounds. 
It was this iron constitution which enabled him to withstand 
the onslaught of disease, and to give to the world during the 
last two years of his life, in spite of great hardship and 
physical suffering, some of the best work he had ever pro- 

Louis Madarasz was born in San Antonio, Texas, January, 
1859. His father and mother were Hungarians, having come 

to this country with Louis Kossuth, the great Hungarian 
soldier and statesman. He came from a very long-lived fam- 
ily. Both of his grandfathers were living until very recent- 
ly, and may be so now, one in Florida, the other in Missouri, 
each more than ninety years of age. 

When Mr. Madarasz was eighteen years old, 1877, he came 
North and spent a few months at the Rochester Business 
University. A little later he attended the Brockport, N. Y., 
Normal School, finally returning to Rochester to take up the 
practice of card writing in the Arcade. After remaining there 
a year, he came to New York, and in 1879 went to Man- 
chester, N. H., to become associated with G. A. Gaskell. The 
friendship and business connections made at this time with 
Gaskell continued until the latter's death in 1886. Gaskell 
removed his business to Jersey City in 1880, and Madarasz 
came with him, remaining until 1881 when he went to Sterl- 
ing, 111., spending the school year there in the employment of 
H. A. Aument, of the Sterling Business College. It was at 
this time that the writer first heard of him, for our home 
was in a little town ten miles north of Sterling, and Mr. 
Aument visited at the home of our parents. We very dis- 
tinctly remember seeing some of the specimens of Madarasz's 
card writing at that time. 

In 18S2 Mr. Madarasz returned to Poughkeepsie, where he 
stayed for some months, finally coming to New York in 1884. 
Here he made his home, save for a few years when his fancy 
or his ambition took him to remote sections of the country, 
for he was always a traveler. 

He was a man of many ambitions, strong ideality, and a 
brilliant student. The stage appealed to the aesthetic side of 
his nature, and for a short time he devoted himself to the 
study of acting, appearing with two or three celebrated stage 
favorites, usually playing Shakespearean parts. 

On March IS, 1889, he was married to Miss Clara Kalish, of 
New York. During the nearly twenty-two years of their 
married life, they were ideally devoted to each other, and it 
may truthfully be said that much of the success of Mr. 
Madarasz was due to the encouragement of his wife. 

The years 1S90 and 1896 he spent in teaching in Cedar 
Rapids, la. ; Lincoln, Nebr. ; and Little Rock, Ark. He re- 
turned to New York in 1896, and did no teaching until 1901, 
when he became associated with the Heffley School, Brook- 
lyn, subsequently teaching for the Eagan School, in Hoboken. 
He left this school to engage in mining operations in Ne- 

There is an old saying running like this : "He who in the 
same time does more than another has vigor; he who does 
more and better than another has talent; but he who does 
that which no one else can do has genius." We can think of 
no better definition of genius than this, and if there is such 
an element in this world, surely Mr. Madarasz had it, for he 
could do without effort that which very few could do with 
the utmost effort. Every stroke of his pen was an artistic 
one. He could go for months and even years without writing 
a line, and yet taking up his oblique penholder and princi- 
pality pen could dash off a signature or a letter that would 
be a perfect marvel of excellence. 

He was an extremely modest man. It was necessary to 
know him, personally, to observe this trait. If one were to 
read his advertisements, the impression would be that he was 
a boastful man, but in his presence one could never get him 
to speak well of his work. His advertisements came as 
from the liand of an expert advertising writer. He adver- 
tised to sell, not to speak well of his product. If he was an 
unparalleled success as a penman, he was an equal success as 
an advertiser. Had his path been directed in other pursuits, 
mercantile or financial, for instance, he would have won the 
same success that he achieved as a penman. His many- 


U>hc IBustttPss Journal 

sided nature appealed to all who knew him. He was a wide- 
ly read man, a most careful and discriminating student of 
political affairs. He knew the biographies of the world's 
great leaders. Possessed of a marvelous memory, nothing 
that he ever read escaped him. 

The world is far richer because of his having lived here 
for fifty years. What a boon it would be to all could they 
leave a record of so much good work done ! His body was 
incinerated at the Odd Fellows Cemetery on Christmas day. 
Only a few of his immediate friends were present. During 
his last days he was fully conscious of the fact that the end 
was drawing near. He went to his work on Tuesday morn- 
ing, but was unable to remain, and returned home a little 
after nine o'clock. Characteristic of his thoughtfulness and 
planning ability, he at once began to arrange all of his af- 
fairs, so that Mrs. Madarasz would be inconvenienced as 
little as possible in attending to them. One who knew him 
well in San Francisco writes to say that "His house was in 
order." He died contented and satisfied. 



' l ^"•*^ 


Louis Madarasz. 

Mr. Madarasz was a man of very few chosen friends. 
Capable of the highest friendship, he lavished his regards 
only on the few. His admiration for other penmen was great, 
and he was exceedingly complimentary to his students, the 
Courtneys, L. C. Horton, E. L. Glick and others who suc- 
ceeded in mastering his peculiar style of writing. Men like 
Wiesehahn, Flickinger, the Spencers, Dennis and others, he 
always considered his superiors. He has gone from us in 
body, but every stroke that ever came from his pen has been 
preserved, and as the days go by will be cherished beyond 
measure. Through his magic pen, he will ever be among 

In his death every penman has lost a true friend, his stu- 
dents a kind-hearted and inspiring teacher, the community in 
which he lived a useful and upright citizen and the world an 
honest man., 

The deepest sympathy of the entire profession goes out to 
his widow, and the hope that some comfort may be derived 
from the knowledge that her husband was admired, as it is 
given to few, not only for his skill, but for his many qual- 
ities as an upright noble man. 


Brother Gregg and his better half are turning their backs 
on American interests and are sailing away to the Holy Land, 
as this number of The Business Journal goes to its subscrib- 
ers. We most heartily invoke the good will of Old Boreas in 
their behalf. May their wanderings through the Old Jerusalem 
be beautifully anticipatory of delectable sojourmngs in the 
New Jerusalem. As they climb the highest of the Egyptian 
pyramids may they be as well boosted in the toilsome work as 
they have boosted so many in the fatiguing upclimbing of the 
"road to the top" in shorthand mastery. And may they return 
to shed the cheering light of their countenances on the count- 
less number of aspirants for fame and "shekels" who "follow 
in their train." 

R. J. Maclean, the leading hustler of Spokane, Washington, 
who is almost certain to "win out" in any large enterprise, 
sends us a lovely picture of his "young hustlers," his little son 
and daughter, who are in training to follow in his footsteps. 
Lola Wilson Maclean and Allen Duard Maclean are truly 
winsome, and we bespeak for them the happiest possible fu- 
ture, and for their father the most of satisfaction in their 
developing lives. 

We are happy to announce the re-organization of tha 
Sadler-Rowe Company, Educational publishers, of Baltimore, 
Md., under the new corporation name of "The H. M. Rowe 
Company." Mr. Rowe has held a controlling interest for 
several years, and has now taken into partnership his two 
sons, George H. and H. M. Jr., and they will each assume 
a portion of the responsibilities of the management. We 
spent some time with these young men and their father in 
Baltimore last month, and were impressed with their business 
enterprise and spirit. We cordially wish for this reconstructed 
corporation the largest possible success fn their educational 
publishing work. 

L. E. Edgecomb, proprietor of the Cortland, N. Y., Business 
Institute, sends us a calendar of his school, w r hich is quite 
remarkable, being a reproduction by the Osborne Company, 
X. Y., of the original painting by Thomas Moran, N. A., en- 
titled "The Eternal Seas." This is not a painting giving the 
ocean as a background on which magnificent steamships are 
ploughing their way, but it is the sea without a ship, the Sea 
alone, immense, mighty, as when God made it, reflecting the 
image of the Eternal Power. Hung in any parlor or school 
room, this picture will be full of inspiration to every one 
who shall gaze upon it. Mr. Edgecomb does well by his 
school in this new form of solicitation. 

A tasteful New Year's calendar is on our table. Above the 
monthly calendar for January, the benign countenance of 
Judson P. Wilson, the popular proprietor of Wilson's Modern 
Business College, Seattle, Wash., looks down upon us, and we 
feel to say to the good man, "Success to you, brother, in the 
coming year." 

The Detroit Commercial College, Detroit, Mich., under the 
management of Charles F. Zulauf, sends out an "Appeal to 
Young Men and Women" to cut out the word "if" from their 
lives, as in "If I had a chance," "If I had an education," "If I 
could live my life over again," etc. The appeal teaches young 
people to grasp opportunities. It is the right start that 
counts. We have helped hundreds; why not you? Avoid 
future regrets. 

From Jerome B. Howard we received an engraved, appro- 
priately worded announcement by the Phonographic Institute 
Company of the death of its founder and president, Benn 
Pitman, at his home in Cincinnati, Wednesday, December 
twenty-eighth, nineteen hundred and ten, in the eighty-ninth 
year of his age. 

J\\ THEBU5INE55 ^S^gflff^/m 




£lMiiti& U0'J(^ 

rHE NEWS EDITION OF THE JOURNAL costs $: a year. We hope to make it 
worth at least that much to every teacher and school proprietor. It is a matter 
of deepest gratification to us that hundreds of our professional brethren who 
give their students benefit of the loiv clubbing rates for the regular edition think zuell 
enough of The Journal to enroll their own names on the Professional List, at $i a year. 


A. A. Gray, of Arthur, 111., goes to the Peru Business Col- 
lege, Peru, Ind. 

Delf J. Gaines, of the Bowling Green, Ky., Business Univer- 
sity, has been employed by J. M. Ressler as commercial teacher 
for the International Business College, Newport News, Va. 

H. A. Panzram, of Waseca, is a new teacher in the Garfield 
School, Owatonna, Minn. 

C. B. Boland, Tampa, Fla., goes to the West to take a place 
with Loren Cornett, Broken Bow, Nebr. 

I. L. Smith, Sayre, Penna., has accepted a fine place with 
Arthur C. Minter, manager of several of the Draughon Busi- 
ness Colleges, at Atlanta, Ga. 

I. D. Rowe is with McDonald Business Institute, Mil- 
waukee, Wis. 

Mis> Clementine Hanks is the new shorthand teacher at the 
Phelps Commercial School, Bozeman, Mont. 

R. R. Lumsden, a graduate of the University of Wisconsin, 
has taken charge of the commercial work of Mendota College, 
Mendota, III., a position made vacant by the resignation of A. 
S. Hutcheson, who is leaving the commercial teaching field to 
prepare for the ministry. 

R. L. Montgomery, of the Bowling Green, Ky., Business 
University, goes to the Prestonburg Institute, Prestonburg, 
Ky. His wife will be associated with him in the work. 

The St. Louis, Mo., Commercial College has added W. M. 
Hopkins, late of the Tulsa, Okla., Business College, to its 
teaching staff. ^^^ 

Miss Eva M. Bullard, of the Salamanaca, X. Y., Business 
College, is the new shorthand teacher in the Northern Busi- 
ness ( ollege, Watertown, X V. 

L. C. Laruiing, formerly of the Metropolitan Business Col- 
lege, Cleveland, Ohio, is now with the Elyria, Ohio, Business 

Miss K. C. Maxwell, of Auburn, Maine, is now teaching 
commercial subjects in the Attleboro, Mass., High School. 

Miss Mattie Haire, of the Bowling Green, Ky.. Business 
University, will have charge of the commercial work in the 
Fairview Graded School, Fairview, Ky. 

D. G. Westman, of the San Angelo. Tex.. Business College, 
is now living on a ranch at Sonora, Tex. 

Fred M. Mitchell, for the past three years teacher in the 
Lawrence, Mass., Commercial School, accepted a similar posi- 
tion in the Heffley Institute, Brooklyn, N. Y., on January 1st. 

Jas. Spradlin, Waynesburg, Ky., a student of the Bowling 
Green, Ky.. Business University, is to be with the Draughon 
Business College. Knoxville. Tenn. 

C. W. Gay. of Live Oak, Fla.. is now with the Southern 
Commercial School, Wilmington. X. C. 

Miss Dorothy Mierisch, of Brooklyn, X. Y., has engaged 
with the Xew York Commercial School. X'ew York City, as 
teacher of shorthand and typewriting. 

T. Courtney has become assistant instructor in the Academy 
of Idaho at Pocatello, Idaho, a state institution, with seven- 
teen instructors, the Department of Commerce being of much 

A. E. Parsons, of Keokuk, Iowa, sends us interesting leaf- 
lets and circulars concerning his penmanship, drawing and 
color work. 

E. G. Wiese is now travelling by the express train on the 
Remington Typewriter Road to Ambition's Height, and will 
reach that delectable place evidently very soon. Copying 
new matter from 124 to 139 words per minute seems the 
easiest thing imaginable to him, and copying from a French 
Reader (unfamiliar to him) at 100 words a minute is a 
pleasure. 217 words a minute on memorized matter was at- 
tained by him in Toronto recently on the Xo. 10 Remington. 
It seems easy for Wiesei 

A. E. Rodman, formerly of Heald's Santa Cruz School, 
Calif., is now connected with the Berkeley, Calif., Business 
College, from whence he sends us a splendid club for the 
Business Journal, not to strike us but to bless us. 

J. A. Stryker, Kearney. Xeb., gets us stirred up to join him 
on an old-fashioned winter skating match, by the card invita- 
tion sent. So sorry our skating is in Xew York mud just 

Prof. Yerkes, of Harvard, lias been studying the attractive- 
ness of womankind as a personality in advertising. He 
showed his psychology class ten "ads" of leading concerns, 
nine having artists' illustrations and one featured a beautiful 
Remington woman. Most of the class centered their interest 
on the woman. In every great cause there is evidently a 
woman. And note, Printer's Ink thought enough of this psy- 
chology test to devote three pages to it. 

In The Caxton for December, 1910, a magazine for Quality- 
Folks, published by the Caxton Society, Pittsfield, Mass.. 
there appears a character sketch of our old friend Oliver C. 
Dorney. "Founder and President of the Optimist and Effi- 
ciency Factory," in otheifciwortfs The American Commercial 
School, of Allentown, Pa^ The article abounds in vivid pen 
pictures of Dorney and his" "helpmate," and of the work they 
are doing in their "Quality Shop." 

C. F. Sherman, of Mt. Yernon, X. Y., desires the editors of 
The Business Journal to "be good" during 1911. To this end 
he sends us the Quaker Motto Calendar which will be a de- 
light to our eyes and a stimulus to the moral life. Thanks, 

A. H. Steadman, Supervisor of Penmanship in Cincinnati. 
is proud of the two "Million Dollar" High Schools provided 
by that city, and gives us a view of them. We never went to 
school in million dollar buildings ; he is proud to be a teacher 
in them. 




T 12 :40, afternoon, December 26, 1910, a most en- 
il* joyable start was made for an extended trip by 
•^ Wj the Associate Editor with Mr. Healey, C. V. 
5a\ Oden, H. O. Blaisdell and Miss Wilson. All 
rfBLal entered the sleeper of the Empire State Express, 
New York Central Station, New York, and were soon off for 
the Windy City. Reading, games and conversation made the 
time pass swiftly. Mr. Healey dropped off at Rochester to 
preside at the Convention of the Commercial Teachers of 
New York State. 

Arriving at Chicago on time over the Michigan Central 
R. R., our company were soon at the Auditorium Hotel, 
where had already gathered a large number of the members 
of the Federation of Commercial School Proprietors and In- 
structors. Room 358 soon found us delightfully at home. 
The Auditorium Hotel seemed to us a most natural and 
familiar place, for here some years ago we had had rooms 
for several weeks, with a reportorial staff of four assistants 
and several typewriter operators, and had "prepared trans- 
cript" of verbatim copy for the "Daily Christian Advocate," 
the official organ of the Quadrennial General Conference of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which we are the official 

The meetings of the Federation and the subsidiary sections 
were very well attended, exceedingly harmonious, full of 
enthusiasm, addressed by thoroughly capable specialists, can- 
vassed most momentous educational questions, and the fruit- 
ful outcome will be evident in energy, zeal, devotion and 
success in scores, if not hundreds, of commercial schools and 
colleges over the land. 

The present writer divided himself up as far as possible, 
visiting several sections, though chiefly (as would be natural 
to his shorthand proclivities), attending the Shorthand Sec- 
tion. Kind assistants aided him in his work by helpful note- 
taking and securement of several of the valuable papers read. 
Chief among these were Messrs. O. H. White, St. Lou-.s, C. 
A. Robertson, Worcester, Mass., and J. H. Snyder, Chicago, 
to whom our hearty thanks we render. 

The official shorthand reporter of the Federation was Miss 
Edyth Trimble, of Chicago, a most winsome young lady, 
whose shorthand received our attention immediately, for it 
was the first actual use we had ever seen of the Thirty Days' 
Wonder, "Boyd Syllabic Shorthand." We secured from Miss 
Trimble a specimen of her shorthand with key, which we 
hope soon to show our readers. We are awaiting with much 
interest the transcript which Miss Trimble will give of her 
work in the printed proceedings of the Federation. 

Among the interesting and noteworthy features of some of 
the section meetings was the presence of several Roman 
Catholic nuns in their black and white garb, and Roman 
Catholic teaching brothers were much in evidence. 

A notable absence of shorthand publishers was apparent. 
Jerome B. Howard, of the Phonographic Institute, Cincinnati, 
was detained by the serious illness and the death of the 
great phonographic leader, Benn Pitman. Chandler Sexton, 
of the A. J. Graham Co., New York, was not present, and 
W. W. Osgoodby, J. Geo. Cross, A. J. Barnes, J. W. Beers, 
C. A. Pitman, and other shorthand authors and publishers 
were conspicuously absent. But Xew Orleans had two 
doughty authors present and actively convassing the field in 
the persons of Messrs. Spencer and Chartier, while John R. 
Gregg, of Chicago and New York, was, as they used to say 
in my boyhood, "a whole team in himself and a horse to 
boot." O. H. White was a most genial representative of the 
A. J. Barnes Publishing Co., of St. Louis. 

President of the Federation. 

Typewriter makers, agents and expert operators were here, 
there and everywhere ; the Remington, Underwood, Smith 
Premier and Monarch machines having headquarters, with 
machines, experts, literature, souvenir gifts, and other attrac- 
tions, while every corridor, hall, parlor, stairway, etc., had 
a great abundance and variety of beautifully printed, large- 
size card-board signs presenting the merits, qualities, and 
sales of the several machines. 

Book publishers from Xew York, Rochester, Battle Creek, 
Saginaw, Chicago and several other cities, too numerous to 
mention, had samples, and attractive book, pamphlet and other 
exhibits in spacious headquarters. 

Adding machines, the Multigraph, and other duplicators 
were visible to the naked eye at many points, and surrounded 
by eager examiners and salesmen. 

The secretaries of the Federation and of the several Sec- 
tions, were early and eagerly beset by newcomers, to be en- 
rolled, pay the fee, and receive the large badjfe - ^bS the 
Federation and the smaller badges of the one or\m_ore Sec- 
tions to which they belonged. The hundreds of badges worn 
gave color and character to every meeting, and beautiful 
women received added attractiveness. The Auditorium is a 
delightful Convention Headquarters, and several conventions 
might be held there simultaneously without serious friction. 

Strong men were present — the tall, stalwart, eagle-eyed, 
eloquent Col. Geo. Soule, of Xew Orleans, with the long 
hair, Indian features, and apparent strength of a giant; the 
portly, serious, attentive, genial, dearly beloved, "Uncle 
Robert" C. Spencer, of Milwaukee; the President, Enos 
Spencer, of Louisville, Ky., tall, witty, pungent, direct, mean- 
ingful director of ceremonies, who kept things moving in fine 
fashion ; Morton MacCormac, of Chicago, the all-round man. 
who had arranged everything, knew every man, answered all 
questions, met every emergency, a minister's son and a 
worldly-wise fellow, good to meet; Carl C. Marshall, of Cedar 
Rapids, the erudite, genial, up-to-date student and rhetorician, 
as one called him, "the Dad of the Kid," whom everyone 

Qltjr HuHtttpas Journal 


wanted to meet, and who cheerily met everyone ; Raymond P. 
Kelley, of New York, the youngest business fellow of the 
crowd whose winsome face and cheery voice made everyone 
feel at home, and who delighted to "feed the whole bunch," 
to take their pictures, and to lavish all kinds of tokens of 
good on everybody. 

And then there were E. M. Huntsinger, of Hartford, al- 
ways capable and active in "hitting the nail on the head"' by 
words duly and fitly spoken; P. S. Spangler, of Pittsburg, 
who took your money as treasurer with good grace and a 
"thank you" ; C. E. Doner and E. E. Gaylord, both of Beverly, 
the one a master leader and teacher of the Penmanship 
Teachers' Section, and the other wisely and prudently pre- 
paring the memorabilia for the members beloved who have 
gone on to the land of perpetual light ; A. N. Palmer, of New 
York, whose hands fall on the slow moving fingers of ten 
thousand would-be penmen and make them wisely nimble ; 
C A. Faust, of Chicago, the genial teacher of the penman's 
art, and cordial brother beloved ; C. P. Zaner, of Columbus. 
whose charming magazine is read by tens "of thousands and 
is worthy of the reading and study of tens of thousands more ; 
H. M. Roue, of Baltimore, whose robust, wise thinking man- 
hood is building itself not only in educational, but inspira- 
tional fashion, into thousands of young lives in the Monu- 
mental City and elsewhere; F. M. Van Antwerp, of the 
Spencerian School, Louisville, Ky., who knows more than a 
"thing or two" about shorthand, and teaches it most thorough- 
ly ; A. H. Steadman, of Cincinnati, whose activity in super- 
visorship of the public schools during many years, makes him 
primus inter pares in his work; — how we would mention them 
all, for they are worthy — J. A. Lyons, S. A, Bohlinger, A. N. 
Hirons, R. E. Tulloss, C. A. Robertson (worthily elected 
Vice-President for the coming year), F. E. Haymond, J. 
Walter Ross. S. C. Williams (whose loving visit to his ninety- 
year old mother forbade attendance at the Federation for 
more than one day), E. St. Elmo Lewis (who talks horse- 
sense in every utterance), M. H. Lockyear, E. F. Quintal, A. 
H Wilt (our old Chautauqua friend), L. F. Post, G. H. 
Walks, V. M. Rubert, Sherwin Cody, O. L. Rogers. Rev. X. J. 
Corley, and many, many others whom we were privileged to 
meet, but whose names escape at this writing — a splendid 
band of splendid workers in a glorious field. 

The addresses at the public meetings of the Federation were 
all of the very highest order. Dr. F. W. Gunsaulus, the 
masterful pastor of the great Auditorium Sabbath Congrega- 
tion, was listened to with rapt attention as he sketched the 
life work of the wonderful Field family in religion, science, 
law. etc.. drawing forth very pregnant lessons for present- 
day effort on the part of commercial educators. Leroy T. 
Steward, the Chief of Police, of the great city of Chicago, 
unfolded truths and social science doctrines needful for the 
time. Harlan Eugene Read mellifluously uttered the feelings 
of the Federation in a most gracious response to the cordial 
greetings of the Mayor's representative. A. F. Sheldon, of 
the Sheldon School of Salesmanship, in a comprehensive, 
thoughtful and forceful way laid down principles by which 
every teacher should be guided in the attempt to better the 
educational and moral life of his students. Harry A. Wheeler, 
president of the Chicago Association of Commerce, at a 
somewhat late hour in the afternoon's proceedings of the 
Convention, secured and held the close attention of his au- 
ditors by fitting and pungent utterances of principles of 

S. C. Williams, Rochester Business Institute, Rochester, 
X. Y., addressed the Federation on "Business School 
Stamina." In comparison with the past history of business 

President for the Coming Year. 

education, the twentieth century has brought in a new- order 
of things, and men who stood at the wheel twenty-five years 
ago are almost dazed as they look on and try to keep up with 
the times. But we are now "coming to our own." And 
public scrutiny is on us. Can we stand the test? This brings 
me to the subject: Business School Stamina. We have tre- 
mendous difficulties as proprietors and instructors to over- 
come, in the matter of rates and lengthened courses. This 
great Federation must help us. How do our catalogues and 
advertisements impress the intelligent business man and the 
educator generally? What is our attitude towards competitors? 
Are we always absolutely honest, broad and square dealing? 
What of genuine stamina in all our outside and inside rela- 
tions as business school men? What attitude do we hold to 
the high schools, to private business schools, and certainly to 
fake schools? This most valuable paper we hope to publish 
in full in an early issue. 

We have said nothing as yet of the deservedly active and 
prominent part taken by the noble women in the Federation 
and the Section meetings. That most worthy daughter of an 
honored sire, Mrs. Ellen Spencer Mussey, Dean of the Wash- 
ington College of Law, gave an address before the Federa- 
tion which, for its beauty of diction and grace of utterance, 
was exceedingly captivating. Miss Emma H. Hagenstein, of 
the Cedar Rapids, la.. Business College, drove strong nails into 
hard timber in her thoughtful and exceedingly suggestive 
paper on "Spelling — How to Secure the Best Results." Miss 
Kate Browning, of Lockyear's Business College, Evansville, 
Ind., made us all believe that in our daily teaching of even 
dull pupils we can make their study of English, speech and 
writing, a perennial delight and success. Miss Elizabeth Van 
Sant. of the wonderful Van Sant School, Omaha, Nebr., as 
the active head of the Executive Committee of the Shorthand 
and Typewriting Section, gave constant and close attention ta 
all the many interests centering therein, doing very much to 
make it the splendid success which it was. Miss Kittie Dixon, 
of the Gregg Shorthand School, Chicago, in a comprehensive 
way outlined "Ways. Means and Methods" by which to secure 


(Elje IBusmrss Journal 

accuracy in the pupil's work, making it the sine qua iwn of all 
secretarial work. Miss Gertrude O. Hunnicutt, of Evansville, 
Ind., in two addresses "said things," enforced the moral 
element in the student's work and development and urged 
the adoption by all teachers, as far as possible, of the "simpli- 
fied spelling reform" in their own work. Other good women 
whom we were not privileged to hear "obtained good report" 
on the part of those with whom we conversed. The women 
were certainly much in evidence and none served more 

The Quartet of the Central Church Choir (Dr. Gunsaulus' 
Church) rendered several songs, humorous and others, at 
the public meeting of the Federation, Thursday, greatly to the 
gratification of all assembled. 

Through the courtesy of the Remington Typewriter Co., by 
their most genial representative, Raymond P. Kelley, a sump- 
tuous banquet was served to all the members of the Federa- 
tion present, the menu being in every way surprisingly taste- 
ful and satisfactory. Preceding the banquet, a flashlight 
photograph of the banqueters was taken which, when de- 
veloped, proved to be very clear and effective. 

Much might be said of the all-pervasive cordiality and 
geniality of the delegates from all parts of the land — the one 
brotherhood and sisierhood of commercial co-workers. Not 
an unkind, harsh or sour expression was heard, but "all went 
merry as a marriage ball." Many of the supremest hours of 
the Convention were those spent in the lobbies, parlors and 
dining rooms of the Convention Hotel. 

In the election of officers, thoroughly good feeling was 
manifested. Mr. Purden, of Chicago, nominated Morton Mac- 
Cormac for President the coming year. Carl C. Marshall 
nominated H. Eugene Read. C. P. Zaner nominated the 
secretary, J. C. Walker. Mr. MacCormac received 118 votes, 
Mr. Read 35, Mr. Walker 29. Mr. Walker moved to make 
the election of Mr. MacCormac unanimous, which was done 
amidst great applause; whereupon Mr. MacCormac respond- 
ed in a beautiful speech, recognizing the splendid confidence 
reposed in him and trusting that, through the experience of 
the past year and the friendships he had formed (especially 
evidenced in the fact of his nomination and support by his 
supposed school rivals in Chicago), the influences made upon 
him may be reflected for good in his coming administration. 

For 1st Vice-President, W. T. Parks, of Denver, and Frank 
E. Lakey. were placed in nomination. Mr. Park received 28 
votes, Mr. Lakey 167. The election of Mr. Lakey was made 

For 2nd Vice-President, only C. A. Robertson, of Worcester, 
Mass., was put in nomination, and the secretary was instructed 
to cast a ballot for him, which was done. 

For General Secretary. F. M. Van Antwerp, of Louisville, 
Ky., and P. S. Spangler, of Pittsburg, Pa., were nominated. 
Mr. Van Antwerp was elected. 

J. F. Fish, of Chicago, nominated C. A. Faust, of that city, 
for treasurer, and by order the General Secretary cast the 
ballot for Mr. Faust's election. 

The question was then taken up concerning the place of the 
next meeting of the Federation. Very soon the question 
broadened out, and included both the Time as well as Place 
of that Convention. Morton MacCormac, on behalf of him- 
self and associates, invited the Federation to return to 
Chicago, as the best Convention City, next year. D. D. 
Mueller, for Cincinnati, nominated that city ; J. R. Anderson 
nominated St. Louis; E. E. Gaylord nominated Spokane. 
Wash.; W. T. Parks nominated Denver. W. D. Bridge 
seconded the nomination of Spokane. A representative of 
the Chamber of Commerce of Seattle was given three minutes 
in which to endorse the claims of Spokane, which he did in 
a gattling-gun fire speech, and carried the house by storm. 

Carl C. Marshall presented a resolution that the next meet- 
ing be held in the summer of 1912. Pending its consideration. 
a motion was made to substitute Denver for Spokane. A 
vote on all the places put in nomination followed. The ballot 
showed as follows : Denver 4, Chicago 17, St. Louis 34, 
Cincinnati 40. There being no election, a second ballot re- 
sulted : Denver 3, Cincinnati 42, St. Louis 52. 

On motion, the matters of time and place were referred to 
the Executive Committee, to consider most carefully all the 
questions entering into a just and valid decision, and report 
before the adjournment of the Federation if they shall come 
to a unanimous conclusion. 

At a later hour on Friday morning, the new chairman, 
Morton MacCormac, reported for the committee that they had 
come to a truly unanimous conclusion, as follows : 1. That 
no meeting should be held in 1911. 2. That in the summer of 
1912, the Federation with its several sections shall meet in 
Spokane, Wash. Mr. MacCormac outlined the various rea- 
sons governing in the decision reached, and doubted not that 
the meeting of 1912 will be by far the largest and the best 
held up to that date. It would be inadvisable to hold a con- 
vention in December, 1911, and another in the summer of 
1912 ; the attendance would be divided and the spirit would 
wane. The great and growing Northwest is unanimously 
inviting our meeting. That part of our national domain is 
worthy of our visit. The offers by the Spokane Chamber of 
Commerce, the city, the schools, the citizens, and all the rail- 
roads centering in Spokane are such as to warrant the just 
expectation of an unparalleled reception there. Expenses 
will be cut to the minimum. A free railroad excursion will 
be given from Spokane to the Pacific Ocean at Seattle. The 
side trip to the geysers and the Great Park will be made by 
all who may wish to take it at greatly reduced rates. 

The Chicago Convention was in every respect a great 
success. Few failed to meet their program engagements, and 
these sent good reasons. Possibly the only drawback was the 
unpleasant weather, but this perhaps tended to withhold some 
delegates from sampling the many attractions of the great, 
central, cosmopolitan. Windy City of the Lakes. 

The Associate Editor remained in Chicago, listening to a 
great sermon by Dr. F. W. Gunsaulus, on Sunday forenoon, at 
the Auditorium and took the late train on Monday night for 


MOST interesting and thoughtful address at the 
beginning of the session was given by G. A. 
Gruman, in which he presented his views respect- 
ing the standards which should be maintained in 
commercial schools and colleges. He had very 
wisely obtained a large number of communications from prom- 
inent and active business school proprietors and instructors, 
all of which emphasized the thought that in harmony with the 
tendencies of the times there should be a raising of far higher 
standards for business schools. Managers are apt to look too 
determinedly at the income, the dollars, but if the future of 
business education is to measure up to what it ought to be, 
and to what the times demand, education and not the dollar 
must come to the front in the educator's thoughts and plans. 

Financially, the Educators reported a good year for busi- 
ness education. 

The question of Touch Typewriting came forward for a 
lengthy discussion, bearing especially upon the universal key- 
board. The matter was thoroughly canvassed, showing, as 

®ljp HusxttfBfl 3aurnal 

would be natural, some divergence of view, but there was no 
action taken which could be deemed binding on the edu- 
cators present. 

M. H. Lockyear presented a paper of decided value upon 
"Tuition Rates on a Business Basis." It is to be hoped that 
this paper will have a marked influence upon the position to 
he maintained by the Federation and by the Managers* Asso- 
ciation. The paper held strong views strongly put. 

B. F. Williams, of Des Moines, Iowa, presented a paper on 
"Legitimate and Successful Ways of Increasing Enrollment." 
He outlined his own plans which in the main commended 
themselves to those present, and when read in the published 
report by all the managers will form a basis of strong con- 
sideration for action. 

"Should the Association Employ a Paid Secretary?" was an 
especially fruitful theme for discussion, as presented by A. F. 
Gates. The united or cooperative buying of supplies, the 
unifying of the work of the best commercial schools, the 
seeking to eliminate fake schools, and other endeavors will 
be a part of such a secretary's work. After a very able and 
lengthy discussion by the wise heads of the Managers' Section, 
it was voted to engage for one year such a paid secretary, 
and a committee was appointed to secure such a man. The 
committee consisted of Messrs.- A. F. Gates, B. F. Williams, 
J. F. Fish, E. M. Huntsinger and O. L. Trenary. This com- 
mittee took immediate consideration of the subject, and before 
the adjournment reported recommending the employment of 
A. F. Gates, of Waterloo, Iowa, as their Field Secretary for 
the ensuing year, and presenting suggestions for the activities 
to which he should devote himself. The report was sustained, 
Mr. Gates was elected to the office, and it is hoped that vast 
results will follow this action for the strengthening and up- 
building of commercial schools. 

L. L. Williams presented a paper on "The Proper Relations 
of Private and Public Commercial Schools." Mr. Williams is 
a friend to the public schools, and desires above everything 
else that there shall be most cordial relations between the 
private business colleges and public schools, and endeavored 
to outline how each will be the gainer by sustained cordial 

J. P. Wilson, of Seattle, gave the Section a paper on "How 
To Improve Our Schools." His points, maintained with clear- 
ness and earnestness, were these : Raise the standard to the 
highest position ; furnish the schools with the very best equip- 
ment ; make all the departments as perfectly sanitary as they 
may be, and with other correlative helps, you will do much to 
make your schools a success. 

Arthur G. Minter, of Atlanta, Ga., read a paper on "How to 
Advertise a Business College." This is a subject concerning 
which every member had strong views, and Mr. Minter pre- 
sented and maintained his own with much force and consis- 
tency. He has had much experience in the line of general 
advertising, and now, as a school manager, can furnish 
pointers worthy of full consideration. Read his paper in the 
printed report. 

Col. George Soule, of Xew Orleans, the war-horse of the 
South, held his audience full attent as he spoke on "The 
Good of the Association." Every address by the Colone! kept 
his hearers' interest at the highest point, and this was full of 
fact and strength. 

The officers chosen were : President, B. F. Williams, Des 
Moines; Vice-President, J. D. Brunner, Indianapolis, Ind. ; 
Secretary-Treasurer, P. S. Spangler, Pittsburg, Pa. 

The section meetings were full of interest and good fellow- 


Wednesday A. M., December 28, 1910. 

T the session of the Business Teachers' Section, C. 
A. Robertson, the President, presented and read 
his address, in which he spoke of the honor 
and privilege of being present in such an official 
capacity, and thus assisting in the work of the 
Section and the Association. He expressed himself as proud 
of its work, its officers, its members, and of the outlook of 
this Federation, the best organization in America. His partic- 
ipation in this work has become most interesting 10 him, and 
he hopes to serve the body in the best possible ways in years 
to come. The function of education is to pass on to others the 
accumulated achievements of the world, to lift the coming 
generation above the present in earning and producing capa- 
city and in the power of enjoyment. It is the office of peda- 
gogy to promote diligence in the pupils, to induce lively 
interest, to arouse the best that is in them. Stereotyped meth- 
ods of instruction are worthless. Plans should develop as 
needs arise. The teacher is more than the text. Become 
enthusiastic. Be patient. Business men gain reputation as tneir 
goods are good or bad; so we gain by the quality of our work 
and its product. Our Federation should be a masculine force, 
massed for aggressive service, constantly moving forward. 

Albert N. Moritz, of the Waterloo Business College, Wat- 
erloo, la., gave his paper on "Arithmetic : What, How Much 
and How Taught." He outlined the method used in the 
Waterloo College, in which beginners are supposed to be well 
up in addition, subtraction, multiplication and division on en- 
trance. Then fractions, decimal and common, are taught thor- 
oughly ; no advancement allowed or suggested without this. 
They need knowledge sufficient to work without hesitation or 
error any practical proposition given them. Percentage must 
be mastered, profit and loss, billing, trade discount and insur- 
ance.. They are then drilled in common and banker's interest 
methods, annual and compound interest, partial payments, and 
all these preparatory to taking up bookkeeping. They are 
taught to read the proposition presented, and to picture it as 
if in their own common life. We use plain English, and much 
blackboard work. We find out the dull ones, and how they 
are deficient, insisting on accuracy first, last and always. 

J. W. Baker, of Knoxville, Tenn., gave a very valuable 
paper on "Would You Familiarize the Student with Only- 
One Form of Statement ?" 

E. F. Quintal, Greenbay, Wis., presented a paper on "What 
Value Have Supplementary Drills in Journalizing?" Mr. 
Quintal could not imagine this question or theme being sug- 
gested by a genuine teacher. Frequent, practical, and ofttimes 
rigorous drills, either oral or written, are customary in spell- 
ing, arithmetic, penmanship, likewise in bookkeeping, as being 
necessary in development and as productive of results. Such 
drills help the student to master the rules for debit and credit, 
and encourage and stimulate thought before action. As the 
doctor in dissection, the minister in elocution, the lawyer in 
mock trials, all practice for their work, with many repeti- 
tions, so the neophyte must review and review, and drill and 
drill to secure the desired end. 

J. A. Lyons, of Chicago, 111., presented a thoughtful paper 
on "When Must We Help the Student, and How Much Assist- 
ance Should Be Given?" The teacher must be very discreet 
in directly helping the student. He must and should help 
aim, but so do as to aid him in helping himself, thus making 
him self-reliant and independent as a thinker. It is ofttimes 
easier for a teacher to state the information needed directly : 
but that is not teaching, and certain failure awaits the "easy" 
teacher. Not the presentation of rules, principles and statis- 
tics is teaching, but rather the molding of young minds under 


<Siit MuBimBB Hournal 

the teacher's tuition that they may investigate independently 
and gain power to do independent work. Of course, the 
teacher must not dampen courage or decrease the pupil's 
chances in competition with his fellows; each case must In- 
considered on its own merits and needs, for what will be 
helpful to one will hinder another. The teacher is a guide 
counsellor and friend to steer the student aright until the end 
is reached. 

Sherwin Cody, of Chicago, 111., offered a paper on "How 
Far Should Instruction in English Go?" Business English 
must depend on known Facts. Business correspondence i- not 
an aggregation of commercial forms. The value of business 
letter writing depends largely on the knowledge of the busi- 
ness concerned. The important realities of business are ele- 
mental facts which can be taught if the subject is known 
Only the things we know by first-hand observation are proper 
subjects for business writing. Then we must understand the 
use of language relating to said ideas. Clear thinking evoke-. 
I grammar; muddled thinking, poor grammar. The man 
who clearly knows what he wants to say will generally be able 
to say it. You cannot teach business language, business ex- 
pression, without having business thinking. Therefore, we 
say, Business English means business thinking first of all and 
above all. Book English is rarely Business English. Book- 
English does not bring orders to the office. Book English may 
be poetic, light, full of fancies : Business English has vim 
brevity, fori-, logic. Book English is allied with the classic-: 
Business English with practical science. 

Carl C. Marshall. Cedar Rapids, [owa, had a pregnant 
theme for discussion in the question: "What is the Value of 
Office Practice in Commercial Schools?" Accountancy and 
business training are effectively taught in many of our high 
commercial schools. It is a duplication of actual office and 
commercial transactions. It may be accomplished by trans- 
actions by the "floor students," by "floor students" and those 
in the school "offices," by transactions between the students 
in the "offices," and lastly by mail correspondence between 
students in different schools. The latter method has fallen 
into much disrepute for many reasons. Inter-student trans- 
actions ofttimes fail by the departure of one party from the 
school. But the student who is preparing for office work- 
gains much by face to face work involved in office practice. 
Teachers should visit and study the schools where this form 
of office instruction has reached the highest standard. 

Thursday A. M„ De 


In the Business Section. H. M. Rowe, of Baltimore. Md. 
clearly outlined "How He Would Teach Classification of Ac- 
counts." He presented the theory of bookkeeping in the log- 
ical order, by beginning with the classification of the ledger 
accounts and their functions. To be able to make correct clas- 
sification is an absolute pre-requisite to proper bookkeeping. 
Two ledger accounts are involved each time a business trans- 
action is recorded in a book of original entry. The student 
must comprehend ledger functions to determine properlv 
which are to be debited and which credited. A treatise on the 
functions of the many books of original entry should follow 
and not precede the treatise on ledger accounts. 

The Penmanship Section being in charge, O. L. Rogers, of 
Fort Wayne, Ind., treated his subject. "Time and Energy," 
with paragraphic fullness. It is a serious question whether 
time and energy are not wasted by both pupils and instructors 
in our schools. Our work should be systemized, our efforts 
concentrated and intensified. He divided penmen into stand- 
patters, progressives, insurgents and pit-a-patters. The first 

teach the form with little freedom: the second, form, move- 
ment and control, all at one time: the third, movement re- 
gardless of form or neatness; the fourth who think any old 
way will do. Mr. Rogers treated his theme further under the 
heads: Movement, Position, Confidence, Time, Size, Down- 
ward stroke, and Imitation. 

A. H. Steadman, of Cincinnati, O, took the "Viewpoint of 
the Supervisor" as his theme. He said: Handwriting is a 
means to an end,— the transference of thought clearly, cogent- 
ly by symbols, to be easily read and understood by the re- 
ceiver. To the average person it is not a fine art. Hand- 
writing should be sure, readable, distinct, as the columns of 
the daily paper. Penmanship should become automatic. The 
position of the writer largely determines good or bad pen- 
manship. Penmanship is too little considered and valued by 
both teachers and students, and even school superintendents : 
partly because the studying, practicing and teaching of pen- 
manship is an irksome task as a a rule to all participants. The 
twelve pages of this article by Mr. Steadman are full of 
strong facts well stated. 

V. M. Rubert, Globe Business College, St. Paul. Minn., in a 
truly diversified paper, considered "Scratches, Digs and Spat- 
ters." Mr. Rubert gave some very searching "points" on 
Why schools have teachers of penmanship, — some to get Stu- 
dents by their dazzling masterpieces of pen-work; a sort of 
out-in-front side-show- to the school. Others teach, teach hon- 
estly, do good service, and if this be the case, salary and 
service demand respect, for the penmanship teacher delivers 
the goods. The penmanship teacher should work for the pro- 
prietor, and the proprietor should give ample pay. The dignity 
of the penmanship teacher's classes should be always main- 
tained. By no means can all students become fine penmen; 
some will fail miserably. 

Friday A. M., December 30, 1010. 

S. 11. Goodyear, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, discussed the question: 
"What Knowledge of Bookkeeping Should be Guaranteed by 
a Diploma:" What is meant by the terms "knowledge of 
bookkeeping" and "diploma"? Do you mean crediting, debit- 
ing, transferring accounts, ordinary business transactions, or 
accountancy in general, the knowledge of facts and processes 
relating to business and administration? Bookkeeping today 
is synonymous with accountancy, as I view it. A diploma is 
usually given only to such persons as complete a recognized 
course of study in a given subject or group of subjects. In 
my judgment, it is the duty of the commercial school to set up 
a high standard of accountancy study, and diplomas should be 
given only to those who have completed such accountancy 
courses. Certificates as to inferior acquirements may be given, 
but hold the standard high and let the diploma meet the 
standard, thoroughly representing its character. 

X. J. Corley, De Pere, Wis., spoke on the subject, "How- 
Far Should Technical Distinctions be Made in Bookkeeping 
Texts?" The terminology of bookkeeping and accountancy 
is beyond the grasp of the average young man. There may be 
seventeen different kinds of "accounts" to be kept, but no 
young bookkeeper will ever meet with them all, probably. 
Definitions are quite diverse in the several dictionaries and 
text-books. But the vocabulary word's actually employed 
should include all strictly fundamental terms. Technicalities 
should not crowd one another. There should be no hair-split- 
ting distinctions. Disputed questions should not appear in the 
manual. Important distinctions should be emphasized. Above 
all. be as far from technical as possible, and be practical. 

ullje Huswphh Journal 


The High School Section now in charge, G. H. Walks, 
Fvansville, Ind., most thoroughly discussed this double-headed 
theme : "To What Extent Should Rapid Calculation Be 
Taught, and What Attention Should Be Paid to Mental Arith- 
metic?" Our limited space will suffice only to state some 
questions masterfully discussed, such as : To what extent of 
time should this subject have right? Should it be taught at 
all? What arithmetical subjects should be taught in the drills? 
How should it be taught? When should it be taught? Should 
a text-book be used ? And in part an answer to all of these 
questions will be, What is your requirement for graduation? 
This exhaustive, but not exhausting, paper is worthy of the 
space which we hope to give it in futuro. 

The newly elected officers for the coming year are as fol- 
lows : 

President, Geo. H. Walks, Evansville, Ind. 

Vice-President, Rev. N. J. Corley, DePere, Wis. 

Secretary, Mr. Evans, Chicago, 111. 

General Executive Committee : C. A. Robertson, Worces- 
ter, Mass.; G. H. Walks, Evansville, Ind. 

Wednesday A. M., December 28, 1910. 

HE Shorthand Section for its fifteenth annual ses- 
sion was presided over by F. E. Haymond, of 
Evansville, Ind., the secretary being J. Walter 
Ross, of Wheeling, W. Va. Miss Elizabeth Van 
Sant, of Omaha, as the leading member of the 
Executive Committee, was present in very active 




Mr. Haymond read his president's address containing sug- 
gestions concerning the standards required of those assuming 
to teach, of the quality of the school sending for the students, 
and of the system of gradation and graduation. 

The first paper read was by S. A. Bohlinger, of Chicago, on 
the "Value of Movement Drills." He favors careful, con- 
tinued, painstaking practice to secure proficiency in rapid 
shorthand writing, drills on consonants, on combinations of 
consonants, consonant stem plus circles, then loops and then 

After much discussion as to receiving a paper when the 
author is not present, a paner by W. E. McDermut, a Chicago 
reporter, was read on "Drills on Repeated Matter." The 
character of the matter to be so treated was discussed, the 
relative proportion of fresh to old matter, the question of in- 
terest and variety, the manner of dictating, the continued re- 
reading of notes for many weeks, months or years. "Reading 
is the Be all and End all of shorthand." 

Miss Kittie Dixon, of the Gregg School, Chicago, read a 
paper on "Importance of Maintaining Accuracy." She dwelt 
upon the evident importance of the formation of correct 
shorthand habits. Without such habits, the reading of notes 
will be most difficult and oftentimes useless. The shorter the 
character to be made, the more hnoortant it is that it be 
formed accurately, and therefore, large attention should be 
given to the matter of shorthand penmanship. 

A paper on "Getting Results in Spelling" was read by Miss 
Emma H. Ha?enstein, of Cedar Rapids, la. She said spelling 
plavs a most important part in the student's work. So essen- 
tial is it that too much time can hardly be given it. If we 
fail to secure food snellers, we surely fail. To many in 
school, the spelling lesson seems a minor consideration, but 
every student should master the main rules of spelling : he 
should somehow associate the looks of the word with the 
meaning rather than with the sound. Pronunciation and 
enunciation are especially helpful. 

S. A. Bohlinger said he had always had much trouble with 
spelling classes, and that merely correcting student's errors 
profited little. He now gives a shorthand outline with the 
words, collects the papers, has them exchanged in the class, 
and the next morning every student writes on the paper the 
misspelled words. Then the notes become a transcript of the 
original spelling copy. Sometimes the boy for his errors must 
rewrite the word 50 or even 130 times. 

Mr. Brawley said: Sometimes a bov will miss twenty-four 
out of twenty-five words. Why? I found he did not, could 
not, properly pronounce them. That power is very important. 
When he can pronounce distinctly and knows the meaning, 
he can more readilv learn to spell. 

Mr. Peck asked : How many times must a boy write a 
word before it sticks to his memory? How many times 
of writing are a punishment for his errors, and how many 
are for instruction? It is a crime not to know how to spell. 

Miss Kelly tries to have the boy use the word correctly in a 
sentence and thereby get the force of its proper usage. 

Another speaker dwelt on studying the endings of words, as 
able, ible, ants, cuts. A typewritten list of "ables" is put in 
one column, and another of "ibles ' in a second column. Deri- 
vatives are also studied, as solve, solvent, insolvent, insolvency. 

H. L. Andrews finds that over fifty per cent, of misspelled 
words is on the final consonants, and he has prepared large 
charts to cover these cases. 

Other speakers suggested the time for the lesson in spelling 
should be hours after the exercise is given out, the words 
being placed on the blackboard and then analyzed. Students 
should be taught how to study the lesson, noting the relation 
of one letter to another. 

The subject of "Model Office Training" was taken up, and" 
many experiences of teachers given. A pupil will enter with 
great zest into his work when he enters the model office. One 
teacher takes the class to visit great commerical houses, by 
permission to see the daily practical workings of the various 
kinds of business instruments and methods. 

Pupils should be drilled in proper letter-writing, including 
the hyphenating of words at the end of lines — whether school- 
house is one word or two, whether eyebrow is two words or 
one. Other practical queries were put and answers given. 

Thursday A. M., December 29, 1910. 

F. M. Van Antwerp, Spencerian Commercial School, Louis- 
ville, Ky., read a paper on "A Day's Work of a Dictation 
Class." Every day's dictation should be planned with a definite 
object in view. Our students come to receive instruction and 
training in handling business correspondence. We must teach 
them how to write shorthand, and also how to use it. Ability 
to write it is not enough, and not the essential, but how to 
apply it to the affairs of business life. Haphazard dictation 
will not accomplish this. Many schools have no plan; the 
teacher dictates what happens to come to hand when the hour 
arrives. "We must get something to dictate," they say. Each 
dictation should carry a lesson, to develop some idea of use 
for the future of the stenographer's work. A full day's school 
work should fit for a full day's office work. The pupil should 
fit himself to do a heavy day's work. A pupil who could 
write out a dozen letters well in unlimited time might utterly 
fail if given a dictation of fifty letters at one sitting. In 
school there must be training for very hard work to come. 
To make things "easy"' for the pupil is folly ; they must be 
ready for hard, very hard work when out in the world. Call 
their school life "work" not "play." Real business means toil, 
with sharp corners. Prepare the young fellow lor it. 

If I am asked what the stenographer should know, I say 
"words." He may know everything of shorthand principles, 
the word-signs and all, and yet fail utterly as a stenographer. 
He must know what he is writin<* what the words are, their 
meaning, spelling, relations, etc. He must turn out an intelli- 
gent transcript. We fail if we do not give our pupils suffi- 
cient instruction and drill in the meaning and use of words. 
We often neglect this. Letter dictation is far too largely 
the substance and the sum of dictation. The pupils cannot get 
an adequate vocabulary in this way. Letters do not and can- 
not meet their needs. A wide range is demanded. Pupils 
should be required to transcribe everything dictated, and 
everything should, if possible, be corrected, not merely one- 
tenth of the whole. The study of words and the context is 
demanded — the meaning and relation of the terms used, the 
construction of sentences. 

Mr. Van Antwerp gave a full explanation of his personal 
method. The full lesson is dictated, different members "read 
back," and the meaning of terms explained. A shorthand par- 
agraph is put on the board for speed practice, and consists of 
matter to aid in vocabulary building. The paragraph is to be 
written over and over again, and then dictated at varying 
speeds, till highest speed is attained. The imporfant and tax- 
ing work comes when the teacher must examine every stu- 
dent's work for errors, etc. When the pupil makes 87 per 
cent, of correct work for two successive weeks, he goes up to 
the next class. This may not seem high. But every error is 
counted, and so it is a good average. Everything not absolutely 
right is wrong. There is no such thing as an 80 per cent, 
letter; it is 100 or nothing. A misspelled word, an erasure, a 
misstruck letter, a deviation from the right thing, means the 
loss of the transcript. I dictate letters, speeches, literary 
articles, and the final result is not in the shorthand, but in the 
transcript they give me. 



©Ijr- tBustttras Journal 

After the reading and discussion of this paper, it was an- 
nounced that last evening the honored and revered Benn 
Pitman passed away at Cincinnati, and the hope expressed 
that the Shorthand Section should take action concerning 
his demise, and, on motion, the chairman was authorized to 
appoint a committee to draw up a paper with resolutions of 
sympathy to be sent to the family, and placed on our records. 
The president appointed W. D. Bridge, Frederick J. Kose and 
John R. Gregg. 

A. N. Hirons, of the Gary Business College, Gary, Ind., read 
his paper on "The Correction of Transcripts." In training 
stenographers for service, the employer's requirements must 
ever be kept in mind. All theories and practices must aim 
at this — to do efficiently the work of the office. The teacher 
must know those requirements and labor with that end in 

Many things enter into the realization of a competent stenog- 
rapher's work, among which surely are accuracy and dispatch. 
He desires artistic taste in the mechanical part of the work, 
no misspelled words, a proper punctuation and paragraphing. 
He even desires slips of the tongue corrected. The following, 
then, are our desiderata fur a good transcrir-: Mechanical ar- 
rangement, paragraphing punctuation, correct English, proper 
spelling, considerable speed and uniform accuracy. 

My advanced class is in two sections — advanced dictation 
and the office force. Eighty to eighty-five words a minute 
are required, and transcription speed of forty. I have no 
speed test. I judge from my dictation whether the student 
can go into the office. Forenoon session is forty-five minutes. 
.The transcript and the shorthand notes are handed to me. Not 
all is looked over, but one letter is taken up for discussion, be- 
ing found wise to concentrate on one single representative 
letter or dictation. There is no time to cover all. The stu- 
dent has no knowledge as to which letter will be considered 
and discussed and corrected. The student makes two tran- 
scripts, first from their notes and then a second, the result of 
their own correction. 

First, we consider the English mistakes, the grammar, the 
rhetoric, the construction of the sentences, correct usage; 
choice of words, etc. Misspelled words next are noted and 
incorrect divisions at the end of a line. The student ts cmicd 
to note his punctuation, what rules violated. Typewriting 
errors are then investigated — spacing, erasures, etc. Para- 
graphing comes last. He must learn from his notes how fully 
the page will be filled, what margin to give, and so gain a 
proper balance and proportion to the page. After all this care- 
ful inspection and criticism, the letter is fullv rewritten, band- 
ed to the teacher, and later returned to the pupil and filed. 
The letter is counted as to words and the time taken for 
transcription recorded. A daily record of such speed is kept, 
and so the speed progress is noted. The office force carry on 
the school correspondence, and architects and attorneys bring 
their work to us, and it is valuable for our purposes. 

Miss Kate Browning, of Lockyear's Business College, Evans- 
ville, Ind., presented a paper on "English that Students Like." 
She said : Some students are born with good English, others 
acquire it, and still others have it thrust upon them. The 
teacher does the thrusting. 

Two decades ago this would have been heresy, but in the 
schools of today there is no heresy in the matter. 

English that students like is that which appeals strongly to 
the intelligence, feelings, and impulses of youth. It repre- 
sents life rather than critical thought. The experiences of 
common life form the subject basis of the student's conversa- 
tion. They prefer the general view rather than the critical 
attitude because it appeals to their intelligence and stirs their 
enthusiasm. The study of literature is far more interesting 
to students than English alone because the imagination and 
memory have more scope. 

Of course, most people and teachers especiallv feel it neces- 
sary to defend our language against slang by saying that 
there are enough words in the English language to express the 
thoughts without the use of slang, but I believe we will all 
admit that some slang is so expressive that it does us good 
to utter it, and grown up people as well as children are bored 
by the man or woman who chooses every word spoken as if it 
must be absolutely correct or not used at all. 

This subject was chosen I suppose from the standpoint that 
people are enthusiastic about the things that interest them. If 
we can find what pupils like best in English, some of the 
difficulties may lie r>ut aside. 

Students have been thrown down by the nightmare of in- 
finite phrases and other technical points on which no two 
grammarians aeree. Do not understand me to be opposed to 
a technical knowledge of our mother tongue. In my experi- 
ence as a teacher of English for business purposes I have 

found pupils delighted to take hold of practical lessons 
in telegraph messages, orders for bills of goods, tracing 
letters for lost freight, etc., because these seem to them to be a 
part of real life and they are anxious to have these worded 
carefully, punctuated properly and in good form, and in this 
way students become their own critics. We teach more 
capitalization, punctuation and sentence structure in this way 
than by a whole term of etymology and syntax. 

Awkward boys of eighteen become enthusiastic in a dis- 
cussion as to the use of relative pronouns "goods who" and 
"man which." 

To me the English that pupils like is the English in which 
they think, and when we can combine the theory of grammar 
with daily practice in use we have arrived somewhere. Let 
the boy work out a future tense of his own, bury the dead 
past and live the active present and he will be somebody who 
will stand for something. A dead fish cannot swim against 
the tide. 

At the close of Miss Browning's paper, certain comments 
were made. "We will all have to admit that some slang is so 
expressive that we must use it." Another, "That was one of 
the best and truest papers on English I ever heard." "The 
pupils should know how to discriminate between 'sit' and 
'set'; know the difference between an adjective and an adverb, 
and give him special work so that he may know." "We talk 
about 'slang,' its use. A high school principal wrote me ask- 
ing about introducing 'colloquial' language. I have not heard 
the question of 'slang' discussed much by teachers. Do busi- 
ness men use so-called 'pure' English of the books or 'col- 
loquial' English ?" 

Air. Tulloss brought up the question of revision of the key- 
board, as to "a" and "j". Urged the members to try the change. 
H. L. Andrews said this matter had already been threshed 
out. On motion this one change was voted to be embodied in 
the report of the committee. Committee was continued. 

Friday A. M., December 30, 1910. 

The Shorthand Teachers' Program for Friday was exceed- 
ingly interesting, the first paper being that of D. L. Hodson, 
on "The Importance of a Right Beginning in Typewriting." 
He said: The importance cannot be over-estimated, and this 
is true of any mental-muscular combination. The old method 
of learning was what might be called "the fore-finger method." 
Xo person ever broke that habit while holding a position in- 
volving 75 or 100 letters per day. With correct habits formed 
at the start, typewriting could be mastered in from one-third 
to one-half the time where the wrong fore-tinger habit is 
dominant. I use the word "habit" meaning a sub-conscious 
mastery of a law. How does the piano player play a com- 
plicated piece of music? There seems to be no conscious 
control of the fingers at all; the fingers have learned to obey 
the mind with no conscious action of the will. You call it 
mechanical. The player wishes to have certain chords ; the 
fingers produce them on the kevs in unconscious response to 
mind impulse. That is the result of perfect sub-conscious 
mental-muscular action. In like manner the typist wishes to 
write a word, and lo, the fingers provide it. Learning must 
be conscious at first, of course. Poor typewriting is the result 
of wrong mental-muscular habits ; it is almost impossible 
sometimes to secure a correct habit of fingering, — to train the 
fingers to do what we want to have done. It seems criminal 
to allow the pupil to practice at will, without giving the right 
instruction as to the habit to be formed, and a determined 
insistence on conformity to such instruction. But bad habits 
can be broken as well as formed, and we must insist on the 
breaking of such bad habits. We must also correct the wrong 
position at the machine, the twisting of the spine and the 
stooping of the shoulders. A proper copy-holder should be 
used, and the eyes kept off the key-board constantly. 

At this point the question of "perfect accuracy" was brought 
out. Should it be insisted on at the start? Some thought tb" 
matter of absolute accuracy had been over-estimated ; others 
insist that no second lesson shall be taken until absolute pre- 
cision and Perfection are attained on the first. Do you re- 
quire perfect lessons in spelling, in English, in anything? 

Then the question was asked, what proficiency do you re- 
quire in transcribing? The answer was made: Thirty words, 
a minute in the third month. 

C. V. Oden expressed ^reat gratification with the way the 
question had turned, as accuracy is the essential in all our 
typewriting work. Nothing stands out more clearly than this. 
It degrades a business man to send out letters having notable 
errors. And unless you put your foot down at the very 
beginning and cultivate no bad habits, you are in the wrong 

®lj? Susttwas Journal 


way. And let me say this : Do not fix the student's mind on 
the "error" made, but on the "right way" to do the thing. 
Teach how to make the thing right. Do not get it into your 
thought that you can give the second, third and fourth lessons, 
and then catch them at the eighth. Build the foundation 
aright at the very beginning. Here Mr. Oden gave an inter- 
esting account of H. O. Blaisdell, the expert typewriter 
operator, as to his "beginnings" of practice, — his nervousness, 
bad posture, many errors : he had to tone him down and build 
on the basis of accuracy. Teachers are to blame when they 
allow students to start wrongly and satisfy themselves with 
an incorrect transcription. The first lesson is absolutely the 
most important one. If you start erroneously, don't expect 
to win out. Speed operators have to pay the price. 

Mrs. R. P. Kelley said : "The ideal is to get pupils to the 
point where they never strike a key incorrectly. But they do 
become discouraged. Somehow get an interest. Monotony 
makes great loss of time. When I was teaching, I required 
perfect copies; but I was not always wise in this. We must 
make some consideration for dull and tired pupils." 

R. P. Kelley said : "There is this difference between short- 
hand and typewriting that in the former you may make a 
wrong stroke and it won't be especially noticeable, but in 
typewriting you cannot do that. To develop speed, begin the 
first day. Develop evenness of touch. Even with a moderate 
degree of soeed, and with even and constantly moving fingers, 
you will turn out a large result in a day. Get your pupils to 
try hard, but don't scare them. Teach them self-control." 

Miss Gertrude O. Hunnicutt, of Lockyear's Business Col- 
lege, Evansville, Ind., presented and read a thoroughly profit- 
able, thoughtful paper on "Method of Arousing and Main- 
taining Enthusiasm." Look at the origin and meaning of the 
word, the Greek En and Theos (in God), and means in the 
usage of our time, passion, eagerness in pursuit of an object, 
and if that be teaching a pupil, draw near to him or her, — to 
John, Thomas, Mary or Minnie — get into their environment. 
Seek to determine the qualities which advance or retard the 
pupil. Love the school room. Seek to overcome their dis- 
couragements. It is said that "Genius is the capacity for 
work." Develop that in your pupils. You must develop en- 
thusiasm in laying foundations. Aim to have perfect work. 
Relate the achievements of others. Do not decide on hard 
and fast rules, for the mental condition of your pupils varies 
from day to day, and no two pupils can be treated exactly 
alike. We hear this word on all sides, "I can't." That word 
hardens into a stone wall before him. Seek to tear it down 
It may be a case of stage fright in the words "I can't." Have 
them change to the expression, "I don't understand it." Don't 
allow study on too many subjects at one time; build the struc- 
ture brick by brick. Keep vour class active during the entire 
recitation. If the teacher becomes the slave or teaching, vital 
interest in soul work will die out. the study of the pupil's in- 
dividuality is lost. Mastery of principles gives success to the, 
pupil ; to this end, have him write the lesson correctly once, 
and then repeat it in writing ten times. Write from dictation 
from the very beginning. Avoid ruts. Teach the pupils to 
know word-outlines as the principles are mastered. Zest will 
come in this way. 

W. E. McDermutt said : "Raise your standard of teaching. 
When it is advertised that a musician is or has been the pupil 
of a certain well-known musician, it is almost a guaranty of 
skill and of ability. So it may be with you. Vour pupils get 
on with familiar words, but there is a woeful mental jolt 
when they touch new and unexpected matter. Train them to 
rapid formation of strange outlines : that is worth very great 
labor. Try it often." 


The published Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual Conven- 
tion of the National Shorthand Reporters' Association lie 
before us, — a volume containing 230 pages of verbatim report 
of the several sessions of the Convention, Reports of the 
Historian, and other officers, etc., as given at the Convention 
held in Denver, Col., August 22-25, 1!)10. A number of por- 
traits and other excellent illustrations accompany the printed 
matter. The reporting was evidently well Cone, and the 
matters under discussion and adoption were of remarkable 
interest to all reporters. The action taken by the Convention 
respecting the extremely valuable library of the lamented C. C. 
Beale should be read most carefully by every reporter in the 
land. That the Association has been able to purchase this 
library and keep it largely intact is a matter of great gratifi- 
cation to all wdio know its almost priceless value. 


Annual Meeting held at Rochester. X. Y. 
December 27, 28, 1910. , 
The Xew York Commercial Teachers' Association held its 
annual meeting in East High School in Rochester the last 
week in December. 

The following program, which proved both interesting and 
profitable, was carried out. A number of the papers read 
will be published in later issues : 

Round Table. The following topics will be the basis of 
discussion : 

What is Expected of the Commercial High School? 
(a; By the community 

(b) By the executive and supervising staff. 

(c) By the employer. 

What proportion of the time should be devoted to strictly 
commercial branches during the four years' course? 

Should instruction in the commercial branches be extended 
over the entire course, or should it be condensed into the work 
of one year? 

Should the commercial high school attempt to do the work 
of the highly specialized private business training school ? 

Discussion opened by J. F. Forbes, Vice-Principal, Roches- 
ter Business Institute. 

Summer apprenticeship work for commercial students, 
James E. Downey, Head Master, High School of Commerce, 

Suggestions regarding the teaching of shorthand. Miss S. 
M. Henley, Central City Business School, Syracuse, X. V. 

Our Aims in Business Practice Work. W. B. Carhart, Pub- 
lic Schools, Ithaca, N. Y. 

Commercial Arithmetic. James E. Downey, Head Master, 
High School of Commerce, Boston. 

The Commercial High School Curriculum. R. G Laird, 
High School of Commerce, Boston, Mass. 

The Follow-Up Plan of Teaching Penmanship. M. F. Bel- 
lows, Commercial School, Syracuse, X". Y. 

Xew York State Educational Department Examinations. 1 . 
G. X'ichols, State Education Department, Albany, X*. Y. 

The Successful Teaching of Typewriting by C E. Smith, 
X'ew York City. 


The meeting of the Eastern Commerical Teachers' Associa- 
tion will be held this year on April 13, 14 and 15. The Ex- 
ecutive Committee has found it necessary to announce a change 
in the place of meeting from X'ew Haven to Bridgeport. The 
Committee found, very much to its regret, that there were 
insufficient satisfactory hotel accommodations at New Haven 
for the members who would attend the Convention. 

The Hotel Stratfield, at Bridgeport, has been selected as the 
headquarters. The rates are $1.50 for each person, two in a 
room, with private bath, or $1.00 each in rooms without bath. 
Considerable progress has been made on the program, and it 
is hoped that it will be possible to publish it in the next issiK- 
of the magazines. 

Two innovations have been adopted; (1) Discussions shall 
be held, not after each paper, but at the close of each meeting, 
when time will be reserved for discussion upon the paper or 
papers which the Association desires at that time to consider. 
( 2 ) An abstract of all papers presented will be printed in the 
program, and it is believed this abstract will be of much help 
to the members, and will tend also to encourage discussion. 

It is hoped that commercial teachers will make a note of the 
dates for the Convention, April 13, 14 and 15, and will reserve 
their accommodations at the hotel in advance. 

Edward H. Eldridge, 


ulljr ^Justness Journal 

Reported by J. H. Bachtenkircher, Lafayette, Ind. 
Wednesday A. ML, December 28, l'JlO. 

HE Penmanship clan was gathering from near and 
far, forming new acquaintancees or confirming old 
ones, and the morning session of the Penman- 
ship Teachers' Section was ready for good solid 
work. The president, C. E. Doner, presented his 
address which was received with great heartiness by all pres- 
ent. It was a carefully prepared address, full of helpful sug- 

An excellent paper by G. C. Kreighbaum, Ypsilanti, Mich., 
on "Problems of Penmanship in a Business College," was fol- 
lowed by another on "The Teacher's Preparation for the Les- 
son," by Miss Julia Bender, of Greensburg, Ind., which was 
declared to be both entertaining and instructs e. 

Through the suggestion of A. X. Palmer, on motion, it was 
voted to discuss the papers already read instead of postponing 
discussion until the entire list had been presented. The fol- 
lowing participated in the immediate discussion : Messrs. A. 
N. Palmer, C. P. Zaner, Geo. A. Race, A. H. Steadman, and 

Owing to the absence of Messrs. J. A. Snyder and F. F. 
Musrush, this closed the program of the morning session, 
and the remaining time was taken up by what was fittingly 
denominated "Five Minute Sermons." A. X. Palmer made an 
earnest plea for putting shorthand students into the penman- 
ship classes. C. P. Zaner contended that "skill up the sleeve" 
for penmanship is a help for good rapid shorthand. Messrs. 
Palmer, Race and Bachtenkircher debated to a considerable 
extent the plan of the teacher's practice work, agreeing in 
this that a teacher, to be succesful in penmanship, must know- 
how to write. 

"The Teacher's Blackboard Work" was next taken up by 
A. H. Steadman, who stated that neatness, general appearance 
and correct forms are necessary at all times. 

The question was asked, "How do you supervise." C. P. 
Zaner said the teacher helps pupils at one lesson while the 
supervisor gives the lesson, and at the next session the teacher 
teaches while the supervisor helps the pupils. Geo. A. Race 
said, Drop the regular program and visit the rooms promis- 
cuously. C. E. Doner asked the question, "When do you be- 
gin the use of ink?" Thereupon a general discussion showed 
that the third year was the time generally chosen. At this 
point, C. C. Curtiss, the veteran penman, asked this question, 
"How can I get my pupils to make their ovals slanting in- 
stead of vertical?" An interesting discussion brought out the 
facts as viewed by Messrs. Zaner, Race, Miller, Parsons and 
Miss Breckenridge, which were most amusing as well as in- 

On the subject of "Correlating Writing," Messrs. Doner, 
Ammerman, Race and Bachtenkircher participated. Follow- 
ing this Mr. Curtiss precipitated a rapid-fire debate on the 
question, "How to get writing from the first three years in 
school?" Mr. Ammerman illustrated the subject on the black- 
board. Mr. Madray would get mental pictures first, — making 
letters in the air and then at the board. These various "ser- 
mons" occupied the time of the session until the hour of ad- 
journment, a period of life and inspiration. 

Thursday A. M.. December 29, 1010. 
This morning's session brought sadness to the minds of the 
many penmen present who had been more or less intimate 
with the matchless artist-penman, L. Madarasz, as a telegram 
had been received during the night announcing his death in 
San Francisco. On motion of C. P. Zaner a letter of con- 
dolence was ordered to be sent to Mrs. Madarasz, and a com- 

mittee was instructed to prepare suitable resolutions concern- 
ing his demise, the committee being constituted as follows : 
C. P. Zaner, E. M. Huntsinger and W. C. Henning. 

According to plans previously made, the forenoon session 
became a joint meeting of the Penmanship Teachers' Section 
and the Business Teachers' Section. This arrangement proved 
to be a most happy provision on the part of the manage- 
ment, and so fruitful of mutual interests and good results 
that it will, doubtless, be followed at the next Convention. 

The papers presented in this joint meeting are characterized 
in our report of the Business Teachers' Program. 

Prior to the close of the morning session, the following of- 
ficers were chosen: 

President, J. H. Bachtenkircher, Lafayette, Ind. 

Vice-President, O. L. Rogers, Ft. Wayne, Ind. 

Secretary, E. G. Miller, Omaha, Xebr. 

Executive Committee : A. H. Steadman, Chairman ; V. E. 
Madray, Benton Harbor, Mich.; Miss Ziegelbaur, Xew Al- 
bany, Ind. 

Friday A. M., December 30, 1910. 

A. X. Palmer, of Xew York, took for the subject of his 
talk, "Penmanship." He has learned much from his obser- 
vations of teachers' methods in handling their students. Un- 
less they have thoroughly mastered their art, they are utterly 
incompetent to teach. He is engaged in doctoring teachers, 
and getting them to understand the best ways to teach, and 
requires from them the work of their own hand. He would 
have the teacher know how to teach movement drills and 
change to movement writing. Position is the first and most 
important thing to teach. Teach muscular movement from 
the start. Do not teach the whole arm movement. A six- 
teen ) rar old lad, who knows how to teach properly, would 
do more good than a university taught man who is incom- 
petent. Position at desk and its height regulate the slant 
He would not be guilty of teaching a pupil to keep his wrist 

This topic was considered by Messrs. Parsons, Steadman, 
Zaner and Faust. Mr. Race, of Bay City, Mich., asked Mr. 
Palmer to demonstrate the count on k. A spirited, sound and 
sensible discussion ensued. 

V. E. Madray. of Benton Harbor, Mich., spoke on "Health 
and Penmanship." To be a sick man or dissipated incapa- 
ciates one from being a good teacher of this art. One hun- 
dred eleven teachers died in Indiana since 1908, twenty-eight, 
"i' 25%, of tuberculosis. Aged teachers should be pensioned. 
Teachers should take much sleep, and not over-eat. Tobacco 
is their bane. Walking as an exercise is of much value. 
Teachers also should be full of energy, enthusiasm and in- 
spirers of their pupils. How one should teach is a large part 
of the teachers' problem. Put love into the work you do, — 
or, put yourself into it and you will win out. 

"Public School Writing Xeeds" was next taken up by Geo. 
A. Race, of Bay City. Mich. He gave a very live and help- 
ful talk. 

C. A. Faust, of Chicago, 111., spoke for five minutes on the 
desirability of using special ruled paper. 

The resolutions on the death of L. Madarasz, which had 
been prepared by the committee, were read, and on motion 
adopted, and the letter of condolence was also read and or- 
dered sent to the widow by night letter. On motion, it was 
voted to engage the services of W. E. Dennis to engross the 
resolutions which were to be sent to Mrs. Madarasz. 

In accordance with the program, penmanship demonstra- 
tions were given by the following: Messrs. Faust, Zaner, 
Henning, Stacy, Doner, Rogers, Race and Madray, which 
proved a most entertaining as well as instructive feature of 
the session. 

By expiration of time, the session came to its close and 
adjournment was taken. 

3Il|e iBuHtttrsa Journal 



GREAT man and good has fallen in the Phono- 
graphic Israel. The loving and beloved Benn 
Pitman has been gathered to his fathers. We 
shall see his face no more until we, like him, 
f m-i* «i stand in the Sanctuary of the Highest. 
5»^?lrSl Benjamin Pitman (known during almost all 
his life by his own preference as Benn Pitman), was born in 
Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England, July 24, 1822. and died at 
his home, 1852 Columbia Avenue, Cincinnati, Ohio, December 
28, 1910. 

His father was Samuel and his mother Manah Pitman. 
He came of a long-lived ancestry, his father reaching 76 
years of age and his mother dying in 1857 in advanced years. 
There were eleven children in the family, seven sons and four 
daughters, as follows: Melissa (Mrs. Pryor, later Mrs. 
Janes), born 1809, died 1864; Jacob, an architect, residing 
most of his life in Sydney, New South Wales, who was born 
in Trowbridge. Nov. 28, 1810, died in Sydney, March 12, 1890, 
at 80 years of age ; Sir Isaac Pitman, born Jan. 4, 1813, at 
Trowbridge, and died at Bath, Jan. 22, 1897 ; Abraham, born 
1814, died 1829; Rosella, born 1816, died 1898; Joseph, born 
1818, died April 2, 1895, aged 77; Jane (Mrs. Hunt), born 
1820, died 1896; Benjamin (Benn), born at Trowbridge, July 
24, 1822, died at Cincinnati, Ohio, December 28, 1910; Mary 
(now Mrs. Mary Webster), born 1824, who is the only sur- 
viving member of the original Pitman family, and residing 
at Lynn Regis, Browning Road, Worthing, England; Henry, 
born at Trowbridge, September 19, 1826, died October 25, 
1909, aged 83 ; Frederick, born May 9, 1828, died November 
20, 1886, aged 58. 

Benn Pitman was married twice. His first wife married in 
1849, was Miss Jane Bragge. of Birmingham, who was born at 
Birmingham, in 1823, and in early life, with her sisters, be- 
came a shorthand pupil of the young and ardent Mr. Pitman. 
This first wife became the mother of three children, Agnes, 
Arnold (named for Arnold of Rugby), and Ellis (named for 
Alexander John Ellis), the well-known phonologist and co- 
worker in phonetics with Sir Isaac and Benn Pitman. Arnold 
and Ellis died in their infancy. Miss Agnes survives her 
father, and was the living connection between Mr. Pitman's 
English and his American life and labors. Mrs. Benn Pitman, 
the first wife, died in 1878, and was the first woman in 
America to he cremated. 

The second wife, married in 1882, of Benn Pitman was 
Miss Adelaide Nourse. the daughter of Caleb B. Nourse, and 
died in 1893. To her was given a precocious son, Emerson, 
who died at sixteen years of age, — the idol and hope of the 
father's heart. A daughter, Miss Melrose, is a charming 
young lady, a student of the second year in YVellesley College, 
the great comfort and helper with her sister Agnes of her 
father in these years of his vigor, maturity and mental 

Benn Pitman, at the age of fourteen, became his brother 
Isaac's student in shorthand, in 1834-1S37 ; taught the same 
to classes of boys when but fifteen years old in his brother's 
academy from lesson cards of his own preparation ; aided 
his brother in reading proof sheets and correction of en- 
graved plates when sixteen, and was a full-fledged traveling 
lecturer on Phonography before he was twenty, which field 
he continued to cultivate until his removal to America ten 
years later, at which time he was the sole remaining lecturer 
of ten or more who had persistently, enthusiastically, intel- 
ligently canvassed the United Kingdom in the promotion of 
the twin causes of phonetics and phonography. 

In the latter part of 1852, Isaac Pitman realized the great 
importance of a phonographic propaganda in America, and 
commissioned his brother, Benn, to take up the work in the 
United States. 

Mr. Pitman was even then travelling up and down his 
native soil, accompanied by his frail wife and his baby Agnes, 
stopping a few hours in a community in the prosecution of 
his zealous dissemination of the new stenographic art and then 
passing to new fields and to labors more abundant. He was 
literally the heroic evangelist of a new science and art, in 
which he was destined to stand in the high rank witii Gabels- 
berger, Taylor and his brother Isaac. 

Benn Pitman left England for America on Wednesday, 

January 6th, 1853, but because of a collision with a steamer 
early in the day, they returned to the dock for repairs, he and 
his wife, daughter and son remaining on board till Jan. 10, 
when the vessel made the second attempt, crossing the At- 
lantic in twenty-two days, of which only four were at all 
pleasant. Mr. Pitman was the sole companion and nurse of 
his wife and babes, cooking their particularly needed food at 
the cooks' galley, and caring diligently for their wants, being 
utterly unable by reason of his anxieties and cares to look 
into, much less read, a single book during the voyage. 

Landing at Philadelphia, he was so grateful that the family 
had reached the new country in safety that, as he himself 
records it, he knelt down in the exuberance of his joy and 
kissed the soil of the new land. 

Philadelphians especially will be pleased to know that his 
first domicile in America was at 12 Prune St., between Spruce 
and Walnut, 4th and 5th, from which place he wrote a letter 
to his brother, who lithographed it that copies might be sent 
to the Pitman family and other loved friends. This letter 
we have read, and as it contains Mr. Pitman's very first im- 
pression of our country and its people, we here quote, in part : 

"6th Feb. To the absent and loved ones, greeting." "We 
can only realize to ourselves that we are so far removed 
from the favored land by bringing a map of the world before 
the mind's eye, and imagining ourselves located some hun- 
dred miles up the magnificent Delaware. We feel that we 
can be in no English city, for the air is too pure, the sky too 
brilliantly clear, the streets too long and straight, trie trees 
that line the streets too large, the open squares too frequent, 
many of the stores and buildings too magnificent, the major- 
ity of the male countenances of too intellectual a cast to 
permit us to think that we are in the old country, the news- 
papers are too numerous and cheap and too wretchedly 
printed, in the majority of cases, to be English. The preval- 
ence of beard with the men, and the different and generally 
tasteful style in which the women arrange their hair, are 
other reasons why we think we are elsewhere than in an 
English city." 

This pen painting of Benn Pitman is surely as rich, racy 
and truthful as are the American Sketches of Charles 
Dickens. . 

Mr. Pitman immediately opened his propagandist work, and 
there are living and known to us now pupils whom he taught 
in those early davs, both before and after his reaching 
America. A picture taken of him in Philadelphia shows the 
clear-visioned, aegressive, self-reliant man with principles to 
pronounce in the face of (to him) an expectant world. 

Not long after his arrival, he was invited to go as far 
west as Dayton, Ohio, to declare the doctrines of a new 
spelling and especially the new stenographic art. This trip 
caused him to fall in love with what was then a somewhat 
western section of the land, and he pre-acted on Horace 
Greeley's famous suggestion, "Go West, young man," and ac- 
cordingly went to Cincinnati, from which his heart was never 
drawn away. 

It was in Cincinnati Mr. Pitman found his fulcrum from 
which to move the phonographic world, and here he founded 
the Phonographic Institute, and commenced his many-sided 
activities. For several years, and until the changes made by 
Isaac Pitman in his system (notably the inversion of the 
vowel scale), Benn Pitman was, so to speak, the right hand 
of his brother at work in the United States ; but then the 
new and larger activities originated and controlled by him 
began. In rapid succession books, leaflets, fliers, magazines 
came from his teeming brain and his marvellously facile 
hand. Text-books in the simple and more complex phases of 
stenography poured forth. From 1857 we may date Benn 
Pitman's American Declaration of Independence, and the 
development of the art along lines of activity and propulsion 
unknown in England. The Manual came forth in 1854, the 
Reporter's Companion in the same year. The Phonographic 
Teacher in 1857, the History of Shorthand in 1858. And so, 
with his books and magazines, he sought with great earnest- 
ness and success to flood the land with the light of a real 

Not only was Mr. Pitman a teacher and publisher, but he 
became the foremost reporter of his time. Verbatim short- 
hand reporters were truly ran az-es at that time. He was 
immediately pressed into service in all kinds of reportorial 
work. The Civil War demanded just such activities as he 
was abundantly capable of rendering. Treason was in the 
air, and he was called to the front in more senses than one. 
The first court martial ever reported in shorthand was taken 
by Benn Pitman, the court martial of Gen. Buell, in Kentucky. 


Olljr Husittrsa Journal 

Benn Pitman became the official stenographer of Congres- 
sional Investigating Committees. He reported the Riot In- 
vestigations of Memphis and New Orleans, the Knklux Klan 
cases" the Knights of the Golden Circle, and the trial of the 
conspirators in the Assassination of President Lincoln. The 
full report, with Questions and Answers, has never been 
printed, we believe, but the volume published in 1865 by 
Moore, Willstach & Baldwin was compiled and arranged by 
Benn Pitman, Recorder to the Commission, and is a volume 
of -J21 pages, in narrative form, but includes the testimony, 
documents introduced in evidence, discussions of points of 
law raised during the proceedings, the addresses of the coun- 
sel, the replies of the Special Judge Advocate, the findings 
and sentence. We may say here that we have it on good 
authority that Mr. Pitman to his dying day never convinced 
himself of the willful and intentional criminality of Mrs. 
Surratt in this horrible assassination of President Lincoln. 

Mr. Pitman's phonography was in almost all cases a marvel 
of legibility, and in a great number of cases when reporting 
Government investigations, courts martial, etc., his shorthand 
notes were forwarded at once to Mrs. Pitman, and were by 
her transcribed and sent to the Government Printer. 

But Mr. Pitman, who had in early manhood sought to 
become articled to an architect and designer, in his maturing 
years found that that old artistic temperament and blood 
"rankled in his veins, as was in some degree made evident in 
the unexampled beauty of his text-books and magazines. Mr. 
Pitman was a born artist. He looked at practical things from 
the artist's standpoint ; he desired practical statements to be 
put in artistic form; he had the eye and soul of the aesthetic 
and spoke in the note of pure art. 

Mr. Pitman was the founder of a new school of art in 
Cincinnati, designed primarily to culture young men and 
women in artistic principles and handcraft. At the Philadel- 
phia Centennial he exhibited the work of one hundred of his 
pupils, much to the amazement of those to whom he was un- 
known. Decorative art was with him far to the front in his 
theories of life. The true, the beautiful, the good, these were 
his watchwords, and his living positions vitalized. He became 
the founder of the department of woodcarving and decorative 
art in the McMicken School of Art in Cincinnati,- and was 
chief director of the same for nearly twenty years. 

Visitors who have been permitted to see Mr. Pitman at 
home have marvelled at the multiplicity, the richness, the 
rarity, the excellence of the art-craft manifested in every 
portion of his home,— the house, the grounds, the furniture, 
the decorations, — every feature which could bear an impress 
of beauty was wrought out in manifold and marvellous ar- 
tistic designs. The furniture, the mantels, the doors, the 
chairs,— all bore the stamp of Mr. Pitman's innate suscept- 
ibility to the captivating, the inspiring, the ennobling. 

The house was never "laid out" as by architect's plans. It 
was built of stone quarried near by. cut under his own direc- 
tion, laid under his supervision, till it grew into "a thing of 
beauty" by this inspiration of the "Aladdin of the Lamp." 
The workmen wrought as he bid them, not as they studied 
lines and measurements of an architect's "blue prints." 

One more feature of Benn Pitman's life work and life 
scheme must be mentioned, — his indomitable purpose to do all 
in his power to simplify the spelling of our mother tongue. 
It was an unutterable horror to him to think of the torture 
innocent childhood and vouth must endure in seeking (though 
impossibly) to master our ordinary, inconsequential, incon- 
gruous verbal expression of thought. He was far and away 
ahead of his brother in the practical alphabet which he had 
designed, and had he not been handicapped by other weighty 
burdens of occupation, we do not doubt that he would have 
with equal energy and a similar degree of success secured a 
wide hearing and a successful propagandism for his spelling 
principles and theories. The book which he did publish was 
a gym and every way a proof of the high aspirations and 
expectancies of this fighter for the truth in spelling. 

Benn Pitman owed much to his father, — steadfast persis- 
tency, simplicity of life, untrammelled allegiance to truth. To 
his "mother he owed much for his sweet and placid spirit, 
rarely ruffled by externalities, a somewhat of internal calm 
which led him to so live that intimate friends never knew 
him to shed a tear save when there came to him news of the 
death of Sir Isaac, his brother. Then the heart showed its 
wonderfully deep-seated love, which perhaps had never been 
so manifested in public before. 

It may be allowable in closing to quote a few words from 
Mr. Pitman's own utterances in which lie compared his life 
work with his brother's. He said, "If from my life were 

extracted the experience and satisfactions I have enjoyed 
from varied labor, and which were wholly unknown to mv 
brother Isaac, I should seem not to have commenced to live. 
And when I think how limited were the faculties my brother 
used in this life, and how much of his fine nature remained 
undeveloped, I can only hope there will be no Phonography 
and no unaccomplished phonetic reform in the other life to 
monopolize his intellect and heart." "When I recall the many 
personal friends whose lives have been shortened, if not 
sacrificed, by faithful devotion to duty in some narrow rut 
that modern life and competitive antagonism have made a 
necessity, I am filled with gratitude that I inherited some of 
my father's ingenuity which, though it has prevented me from 
becoming rich and being knighted, has made me a proverbial 
Jack of many trades, yielding satisfaction and delights com- 
pared with which riches and knighthood would be a barren 

Mr. Pitman was stricken several months prior to his death 
with a serious and painful malady, which even the highest 
skill of the best medical and surgical treatment failed to 
arrest. Mr. Pitman met his end with sweet and dignified 
composure and went out into the future life with the hopeful 
outlook and uplook of one who, "resting from, his labors," 
would have abundant works following with all due reward. 

Surrounded by loving daughters and a few intimates, he 
came to the end of earth-life. The funeral service was con- 
ducted by a Swedenborgian Pastor, and, like his brother Isaac 
and his own two co-partners in life, his body was cremated, 
at the Dixmyth Avenue Crematory, on Friday, December 30, 

The multitude of the friends of Mr. Pitman, and the untold 
thousands who have known him only through his life-work, 
will always bear him in gracious memory, and his name will 
ever be as "ointment poured forth." 

By President E. M. Huntsinger. 

Herewith we present a few facts concerning the progress 
thus far made by the present administration of the E. C. T. A. 
foi the meeting at Bridgeport, April 13, 14 and 15th. 

The Association is to be congratulated upon the excellent 
Executive Committee it elected — a real working force, which 
during the past three months has perfected plans for the 
Bridgeport Meeting. The Local Committee is also first-class 
and works in full harmony with it. 

The Executive Committee has already secured the follow 
ing speakers : 

Sec. Chas. D. Hine, State Board of Education. 
Geo. T. Service, Yale, on Commercial Geography. 
J. K. Wildman, P.. C. S.. C, P. A., of New York, on Ac- 
John A. Crawford, Merchants' and Bankers' School, New- 
port, on Business English for Commercial Schools. 
A. F. Wallace, Worcester, Mass., on Bookkeeping. 
Jam-js Scott Hall. Philadelphia, on Business English. 
S. E. Bartow, Albany, N. Y., on Business School Pen- 
H. W. Patten. Central High School. Philadelphia, on 
Business Penmanship from Public High School stand- 
James S. Hall, Philadelphia, on Business English. 
Miss Emma B. Dearborn, Meriden High School, on 

Miss Bertha Crocker, The Packard School, New York, on 
It is expected we will be able to secure Dean Balliet on 
The Qualifications for Teaching. The remainder of the 
speakers we hope to secure before the close of January. 

(51)? Hushtrss Journal 



Wednesday A. M., December 28. 
S NINE o'clock drew nigh, there gathered from 
aPAWSI near and far men and women engaged in com- 
f/akyU mercial instruction not in so-called business col- 
leges or schools, but in city high schools and 
county high schools, who were eager to "hear some 
new thing" or to present features of their own diversified ex- 
periences. The President's Address (A. H. Sproul, Indian- 
apolis, Ind.j, was first in order, followed by the Report of the 
Secretary (Miss Mabel Hazard, Harvey, 111.). The faith- 
ful work of these time-honored educators was heartily ac- 

The everliving and everywhere interesting question of 
"Shorthand" came to the front through the presentation of 
the views of Grover C. Thomas, of Detroit, Mich. How 
much a high school can do in comparison with a specific 
schQel for shorthand study is always a question, and the treat- 
ment of this subject by one side of the two parties to it 
brought forth a thoughtful frame of mind, if it did not deter- 
mine the various outstanding points under discussion. And 
then in the next paper by H. C. Spillman. of New York City, 
the cognate question as to "Typewriting,— How and What," 
was investigated. Rarely is there thorough concord in any 
convention as to the how and what of teaching and practice 
in respect to the typewriter, and doubtless not all present were 
in assured agreement with the views of Mr. Spillman, how- 
ever cogently presented. 

And then came on another denizen of the great metropolis, 
the highly-honored penman, A. N. Palmer, who was in no 
measure unwilling to assert and maintain certain positive, and 
quite well-known views on the subject which has been a life- 
work, penmanship, and especially in high schools. 

The forenoon session closed with a consideration of the 
broad subject of "Commercial Law," by W. J. Lindsay, of 
the Englewood High School, Chicago. "The Feast of Rea- 
son" was evident, and there was great "Flow of Soul." 
Thursday A. M., December 29. 
Nine o'clock came all too quick as so many of the Sec- 
tions were enjoying the delights of the lobbies and the large 
parlor; but at the call of the President, the most important 
and powerful feature of the section, and perhaps of the en- 
tire three days' sessions, was an address by Principal William 
B. Owen, of the Chicago Normal Schools. The speaker was 
not so limited as to time as he might have been, owing to 
the absence of L. C. Rusmisel, of the Central High School, 
St Joseph, Mo., whose inability to be present was deplored 
by many. Louis F. Post, Editor of The F<itblic, Chicago, 
took the floor in a close-thinking treatment of "Economics in 
High Schools." This paper was followed by the election of 
officers for the Section, which resulted in the following selec- 
tions : 

President, W. H. Shoemaker, Wendell Phillips High School, 
Chicago, 111. 
Vice-President, Karl Von Ammerman, Wabash, Indiana. 
Secretary, Miss Mary E. Sullivan, Shortridge High School, 
Indianapolis, Indiana. 

Friday A. M., December 30 
This, the closing day of the High School Section, was full 
of interest, the business and the high school Sections found 
many interests in common, and met in joint discussions. 
There were also excellent papers by Chas. H. Langer, of the 
Northwestern University School of Commerce, Chicago, 111, 
on "Progressive Evolution of Bookkeeping from Elementary 
Single Entry to Modern and Advanced Double Entry 
Methods," and one by Prof. S. W. Gilman, of the Business 
Administration, University of Wisconsin, on "Cost Account- 

The High School Section congratulated itself that it has 
increased its membership fifty per cent the past year, and 
now lias a total of 115 enrolled members. This is indeed 
most gratifying, and is setting a noble pace for the other Sec- 
tions to emulate. 


HE New England Association of Penmanship 
Supervisors held a meeting in Burdett College, 
Boston, on January 7, 1911. Everyone on the 
program below was present, and was listened 
to by an enthusiastic and interested audience. 
Morning Session. 
Address of Welcome, L. E. Pease, Burdett College; Re- 
sponse, H. W. Shaylor, Portland, Me. ; "What the Superin- 
tendent Wants in Writing," Supt. Frank J. Peaslee, Lynn. 
Mass. ; Discussion : "How to Conduct a Writing Class for 
Beginners," C. E. Doner, Beverly, Mass. 
Afternoon Session. 

Business Meeting: Election of Officers; "The Value e< 
Blackboard Demonstrations in the Teaching of Writing," E 
M. Huntsinger, Hartlford, Conn.; Discussion; Question Box, 
Harry Houston, New Haven, Conn. 

The following officers were elected : 

President : A. B. Wraught, Pittsfield, Mass. ; Vice-Presi- 
dent : Miss Margaret Toole, Worcester, Mass.; Secretary and 
Treasurer: A. R. Merrill, Saco, Ale. 

Superintendent Peaslee's paper was so well received that 
the president was instructed to have it published and dis- 
tributed. No attempt will be made to report this excellent 
paper, as it will appear in full in The Business Journal. 

Mr. Doner's talk was very practical. He did not talk theory, 
but showed what to teach and how to teach it. Paper was 
distributed and copies were written by all present in the way 
beginners should take up the subject. Mr. Doner believes, 
with the majority of supervisors, that entering classes should 
practice large, free writing. 

Mr. Huntsinger read a paper, and then demonstrated his 
theories by considerable blackboard work. He took up the 
letters in detail and grouped them, showing how different 
letters are related. His enthusiastic manner of speaking, and 
his ability as a penman, will make what he said and did long 

The Question Box brought forth a spirited discussion of 
left-handedness, writing in high schools, position at desk and 
other topics. 

The Association is greatly indebted to the proprietors of 
Burdett College for the commodious quarters for the meet- 
ing, for the bountiful lunch and many courtesies shown. 


(The following paper, having been prepared by a Com- 
mittee appointed by the Shorthand Section of the Federation, 
was submitted to that Section and by it was adopted. After- 
ward, with the typographical modification necessary, it was 
presented to the Federation at its regular meeting on the 
afternoon of December 29, and was adopted by that body.) 

Resolvkd: That this meeting of the National Commercial 
Teachers' Federation, having heard with sorrow of the death 
yesterday of Mr. Benn Pitman at the advanced age oi eighty- 
eight years, after an illness of several months, desires to place 
on record its very high appreciation of the life and labors of 
this, the last of the honored and noble Pitman brothers to 
remain with us. 

Historically, it may be said that Benn Pitman was a most 
efficient co-worker with his brother, the late Sir Isaac Pitman, 
in the preparation of the first edition of Pitmanic shorthand, 
"Stenographic Sound Hand," in 1S37. Benn Pitman was a 
teacher of the system prior to the publication of the first 


®tjp lBuatttPHa Journal 

volume, using cards which he had prepared for instruction 
purposes among his pupils, and he devoted much time and 
labor to it. traveling through England and Scotland, lecturing 
about and teaching the newly invented phonetic system of 
shorthand at that time. This work he continued from 1837 to 
1852, assisting his brother Isaac very materially in the promul- 
gation of phonetic writing. _ 

In 1853 Eenn Pitman came to America, reaching Philadel- 
phia where he remained but a few months, after which he took 
up his residence in Cincinnati, Ohio, where his home has been 
ever since At that time and for some years later, Benn 
Pitman was known as the most competent and arduous re- 
porter of his dav, especially during the trying period of the 
Civil War when he was the official government reporter at a 
great many courts martial, and at the investigations concern- 
ing the assassination of President Lincoln, and his phono- 
graphv was of such a character that his shorthand notes 
were "forwarded to Cincinnati and transcribed by his wife 
and forwarded by her to the government without his previous 
revision In his later vears, he has devoted himself very 
largely to art. particularly to engraving, wood carving, etc., 
but° his interest in the art-science of phonetic writing re- 
mained supreme. It is not very long ago that he expressed 
the expectation of reaching Ins one-hundredth year, but the 
strenuous labors and untiring industry of a long life told 
upon his constitution to such an extent that when a surgical 
operation became necessarv a few months ago he was unable 
to recuperate and slowly but surely he passed from us. 

Benn Pitman was pre-eminently an educator seeking to de- 
velop in the youth of the land the highest and best of which 
that vouth is capable, and his kindness of heart was recog- 
nized universally and those who knew him best loved him 
most The members of the National Shorthand Reporters 
Association have lost in him their most honored member he 
havin" been President of that Association at one time and a 
member of it for many y-ars. He also attended the meetings 
of this Federation in former years, but owing to the infirmities 
of advancing age his regular attendance was not possible yet 
he has alwavs been remembered with affection in the meetings 
of this body. Many of the younger generation have had no 
personal acquaintance with our departed brother, but through 
his writings, his magazines and his other publications, we have 
become in heart familiar with him, and have recognized the 
genuine nobility and the trulv lovable qualities of the man 

Benn Pitman outlived all his contemporaries including An- 
drew J. Graham. James E. Munson, Ehas Longley, K P. 
Prosser and D. P. Lindsley, and the only publishers contem- 
poraneous with his early years still surviving are WW 
psgoodbv, of Rochester, X. V., and J. George Cross, now of 
Monrovia. California. 

Benn Pitman is survived bv two daughters. Agnes the 
daughter of his first wife, and Melrose, the daughter of his 
second wife, to whom this Section of the Federation wish to 
extend profound sympathy in their bereavement. As was i ex- 
pressed in the December issue of the Phonographic World, 
Mr Benn Pitman was "the oldest shorthand author, reporter 
teacher and nublisher in the world." and it is with feelings of 
the deecest regret and with the highest appreciation of the 
life work of such a noble and distinguished man, that we 
learn of his demise, and it is under such feelings that we 
desire this tribute to his memory to be spread on record in 
the minutes of this meeting, and that a copy of it be tor- 
warded to the bereaved members of his family. 
Resr.ertfullv Submitted. 

Signed:" Wm. D. Bridge. 

Frederick J. Rose. 
John R. Greco. 
Chicago, Illinois. December 20, 1910. 


The dinner and the good time that nearly a hundred com- 
mercial teachers enjoved at the Boston City Club a year ago 
have brought many requests for a return engagement ; and the 
evening of February 25 has been set for the event. 

We would like every male teacher in the vicinity of Boston 
who is interested, and whom we did not reach last year, to 
send his name and address to R. G. Laird. High School of 
Commerce, Boston, Mass., that he may receive announcements. 

E. S. Coltox, 
E. H. Fisher. 
R. G. Laird, 



The .typewriter companies were well represented — the Rem- 
ington, Underwood, Smith Premier, Monarch, through their 
attractive leading men. 

There were exhibits of the American Book Co., the Ellis 
Publishing Co., the Gregg Publishing Co., the Bobbs-Merrill 
Co., and many others. The Multigraph and W r riterpress Com- 
panies were in evidence. Large placards of many companies, 
agencies, machines, exhibits, statements, etc., were hung in al- 
most all possible conspicuous places, and lined the stairways to 
all the hotel's nine stories. Tables in public and private rooms 
groaned with bounteous attractions— circulars, fliers, booklets, 
leaflets, envelopes, puzzles, card diaries, badges, were all 
heavily in evidence. Every delegate wore from three to five 
badges. The men and women vied with each other in wear- 
ing attractive ensigns. 

Many of the delegates, especially from nearby sections and 
the Sunny South, brought their wives and their lovely daugh- 
ters. In their beautiful costumes and native loveliness, they 
added much to the attractiveness of the Convention, not only 
in the hotel parlors, but in the banquet hall and even the 
section assemblies. 


The Xew York State Stenographers' Association held its 
thirty-fifth annual meeting in the Press Club, this city, on 
Wednesday and Thursday of last week. William C. Booth, 
official stenographer, City Court, Manhattan, president for 
1910, was chairman. The more important papers read were: 
"The Necessity for the Bill Establishing Certified Sten- 
ographic Reporters," bv E. H. Keller, Jamaica, L. I.: "The 
Phvsiologv and Psychologv of Shorthand Writing," bv George 
Faniell, Providence, R. I.; "The Actual and the Ideal New 
York State Civil Service Tests for Court Stenographers," by 
David H. O'Keefe, Brooklvn. 

Report of the joint meeting of the executive committee of 
the X. Y. S. S. A. and the executives of all the associations 
in the state of New York interested in the teaching and prac- 
tice of shorthand, held June 11, 1910, to consider the certifica- 
tion of stenographic reporters, by Harry W. Wood, New 
York. , 

Short addresses were made by Edward E. Horton ot 
Toronto, representing the Chartered Stenographic Reporters 
Association of Ontario; Oscar L. Detweiler of Philadelphia, 
ex-president of the Xational Association of Shorthand Re- 
porters, representing that association ; Frank L. Burt of Bos- 
ton, president Massachusetts Shorthand Reporters' Associa- 
tion, representing the court reporters of that state ; George A. 
McBride, national delegate, Pennsylvania Shorthand Report- 
ers' Association, representin-* the reporters of the Keystone 

As soon as the news of the death of Benn Pitman became 
known Mr. John R. Potts of Xew York moved resolutions 
expressive of the deep grief felt bv all in the Association at 
the loss of its senior honorary member. 

\t the banquet on Thursday evening, Mr. Peter It" 
McLoughlin of Brooklvn. acknowledged universally to be the 
greatest wit in the shorthand reporting world, began by lm- 
oersonating his great townsman, Dr. Cook of northern notori- 
ety, and concluded the evening's fun with a skit entitled We 
Have With Us Tonight." 

The officers for 1911 are: President. Edward J. Shalvey. 
official stenoerapher. Supreme Court, Manhattan; vice-presi- 
dent Harrv W. Wood, New York; secretary-treasurer, \VaUer 
R. Duryea. New York; librarian and editor. David H. 
O'Keefe. Brooklyn. 

\t a largelv attended convention of teachers in North- 
western Minnesota, held at Grand Forks, N. D., recently, sev- 
eral well-considered popular papers were read. Among them 
was one on "Practical Instruction in Business from the 
Standpoint of the Instructor," by O. J. Hanson, the Principal 
of Aaker's Business College, Grand Forks. This paper is pub- 
lished in full in the Grand Forks Evening Times. The school 
should publish it in form suitable for a wide circulation, and 
as a valuable advertisement. 

iitpfof §i)0irtNn 




HE editor of The Business Journal informs me 
that I am acquiring a modicum of reflected fame 
on account of some remarkable stenographic per- 
formances by my son Clyde H. Marshall. The 
editor further informs me that a curious public 
arning for some intimate facts about this meteoric youth 
which can best be supplied from the family records, and asks 
me to furnish them. It is with due diffidence that I comply 
with this request. 

Naturally I had an opportunity of becoming acquainted 
with the young man somewhat early in his career. The stork 
left him with us, if I remember rightly, on the 29th day of 
May, 1881, at Paola, Kansas. Being the first of our flock, he 
was, of course, esteemed a wonderful baby. Both his mother 
and I at once noticed a remarkable similarity in the contour 
of his infantile cranium to that of President Garfield, who 
had entered the White House a few weeks previously, and 
we felt entirely sure that he would yet achieve greatness, or, 
maybe, have it thrust upon him. These dreams ceased to dis- 

Clyde H. Marshall. 

turb us, however, as we came to know him better. By the 
time he was old enough to hook apples, kick the palings off 
the neighbors' fences, or break their windows with his ball, 
we decided that he might not become anything greater than a 
congressman, or, possibly, a train robber. 

Of the boy's childhood and youth there is little of interest 
to record. He waxed strong in physique and appetite, and 
happily escaped measles, whooping-cough and the other juven- 
ile disorders provided by Nature to effect the survival of the 
fittest. He was a vivacious lad, who evidently regarded life as 
an oyster that should be opened entertainingly, and he was 
continually breaking out in new places, and keeping us guess- 
ing. In school he pursued with avidity the things he liked, 
and let the rest go hang. Quite early he manifested a re- 

markable power of absorbing and retaining written language. 
When he was about eleven years old, circumstances made it 
necessary for me to serve as his school master for a few 
days. As he was not regularly entered in my classes, I had 
to provide special means for keeping him busy, so I handed 
him a copy of Dickens' "Child's History of England," assign- 
ing him the task of reading the opening chapter, and report- 
ing to me later as to its contents. This book, despite its 
title, is not exactly meat for babes, and I did not really ex- 
pect the boy to make much out of it. In about a half hour 
he reported himself ready for the test, but as I did not have 
time to quiz him, I took away the book and gave him some 
sheets of paper, and told him to write all he could remp-nber 
of the chapter. He at once plunged into this work and wrote 
assiduously till noon. Then he handed me four closely 
written pages of foolscap. On examining these, I found that 
he had recounted the history of the Saxon Heptarchy, with a 
fidelity to the language of the author that was nothing short 
of amazing, — much better, in fact than I could have done it 
myself. He could not have consulted the book, as it was put 
away in my desk; besides, I had seen him doing this writing 
without other aid than his memory. This power of remem- 
bering language continued to be noticeable in his school life, 
and, I am inclined to suspect, has had much to do with his 
ability to transcribe accurately, his high speed shorthand' 
notes. However, I am not sure that he agrees with me in this 

Notwithstanding his facility in grasping and retaining lan- 
guage, the bent of his mind as he grew older, was wot, as one 
would have expected, toward literature. He appeared to cart 
little about books as books. Rather he enjoyed the things they 
related. I believe "The Yarn of the Nancy Bell" is still his 
favorite poem, and Kipling means vastly more to him than 
Ruskin. Neither did he manifest any special aptness in com- 
position, particularly the kind of composition prescribed in 
the high sch«ol, which calls for more or less exercise of the 
imagination. His power in language seemed mechanical rather 
than creative, and this, again, is probably of more advantage- 
to him than he realizes, in the matter of taking down accurate- 
ly the language of others. He is not troubled with any ten- 
dency to depart from or improve upon the original matter. 
And yet, he is able to do this on occasion. His first reporting 
assignment came to him when he was little better than an 
average stenographer. A Los Angeles paper sent him out to 
report an "Irrigation Congress" that was being held some- 
where down in the hot air country. For the youngster to 
assume such a job at that time was nothing short of a joke, 
as he probably could not write faster than 125 words per 
minute. But he "took" the whole session with the most sub- 
lime aplomb. His notes, of course, must have looked like a 
rail fence after a Kansas cyclone, but the boy was able to 
supply the missing panels, or others that were better, and' 
when the two-page report appeared, none of the statesmen 
complained of being misquoted, and in some instances dis- 
covered that their speeches read better than they sounded. 


StU? $usttu>s3 Journal 

Believers in heredity will be interested to learn that Clyde 
Marshall's paternal grandfather was an enthusiastic "phon- 
ographer" and spelling reforn-er, and lectured in Ohio on 
these subjects in the 40's. The present writer in his early 
childhood was taught to read by the 42-letter "Fonetik Alfe- 
bet" invented by the Longleys. My father hoped great things 
for me in shorthand, but, alas, I was not cast in the right 
mold. It has been more than I could do to write longhand 
decently, and I would rather go to the penitentiary and make 
jute bags than be forced to become <. stenographer. Clyde's 
case appears therefore to be a case of alternate hereditation, 
whatever that is. All of which is respectfully submitted. 

Carl. C. Marshall. 



The Business Journal is proud of its hundreds of French 
subscribers in the Dominion of Canada and elsewhere. The 
beautiful specimen of Duployean shorthand given in this is- 
sue, with the French transcript, were furnished us by Brother 
Anselm, of Mount St. Louis College, Montreal, and are sig- 
nal specimens of finely written penmanship. In that College 
the English students write the Pitman and Pernin systems; 
the French students use the Duploye system. 

U^tn u. j^k ^//J3 [ \4 

(V\ , »V, 

Q uVcsv....^ 




(Clyde H. Marshall's Transcript.) 
Q. Assume, now, that you were sworn as a witness before 
a commission ; would you charge thirteen dollars for that 
day? A. Yes. 

Q. Now, suppose that you went across the street on the 
same day and you were sworn over there, would you charge 
thirteen dollars for that, too? 

Mr. Linson: That I object to upon the ground that 
that (it) assumes a fact not proven. There is no 
foundation for the question. 

Mr. Kelly : Well, the Court will permit me to ex- 
amine this witness as to whether that was his proceed- 
ings (proceeding) or not. 

The Referee : You may ask the witness if he had 
done that. 
By Mr. Kelly: 
Q. Did you ever do that? 

Mr. Linson: That I object to upon the ground that 
it includes other property not within the purview of 
this proceeding. I have no objection if it can be shown 
that Mr. Winchell has charged for the same days 
that he has charged for in these matters under review, 
in another commission, but I do object to proof, gen- 
erally, of what he may have done sometime within 
three years last past before some other commission. 

The Referee: Well, that i,s what I am excluding; 
what he may have done. 

Mr. Linson: There is no objection to anything in 
connection with this. 

Owing to an unusual pressure on our columns the Short- 
hand plates of the various systems have been crowded out. 
They will appear in the next issue. 

i' 0$ywyue$X&vU> 



Ve/f/ ryjS-f- 


/yyiZsyzJid t£rrlJ^<& -^y^tAA^L/ 'OsV-0-cV 
—£-C4#wy y d<e/~&^za u^edy c6&^vj C^tJiU^j 

ulljp IBusmrss Journal 


Students' Specimens. 

J. N. Fulton, of the International 
Business College, Fort Wayne, Ind., 
forwards for our inspection eight 
sheets containing the work of as 
many pupils. The oval movement 
drill, the figures and the plain writing 
indicate great variety in execution on 
the part of the students, some show- 
ing a remarkably light touch and oth- 
ers a far heavier impression. We are 
much pleased with the stress laid on 
the beautiful accuracy of form in 
writing figures. 

W. I. Monroe, of Monroe's Busi- 
ness College, Waterbury, Conn., offers 
us the pleasing sight of the penmanship 
of seven of his young lady students, in- 
dicating close attention to outline and 
considerable degree of facility of 
movement, though a little more of the 
hand movement exercises will guar- 
antee better results. 

From J. J. Bailey, of the Technical 
High School, Toronto, Ontario, come 
seventeen specimens from as many 
students. If we were in business we 
would be much pleased to have our 
letters written and our books kept 
in such a neat and attractive style of 
the "art which men should cultivate." 

Through M. J. Walters, of the Il- 
linois Business College, we have a 
large number of specimen pages, on 
which are marked the time under 
which each student has been practic- 
ing in penmanship, from one month 
to six months. Each page consists 
of scroll work, a Promise to Pay, in 
blank, and other matter. Very cred- 
itable is this work, and we cannot but 
congratulate Mr. Walters on the sys- 
tematic way in which he brings his 
students forward from month to month, 
the evident facility and beauty of the 
penmanship being marked from point 
to point. 



By Clyde L. Newell. 

Work 10 problems within two hours. 

1. A grocer mixes 20 lbs. nuts at 40c. ; 30 lbs. at 30c. and 50 
lbs. at 20c. At what price per pound should the mixture be 
sold so that a profit of 23% mav be realized? If sold at 40c. 
per pound, what % profit would he make? 

2. A man wishes to have a rectangular cistern built 12 ft. 
long, 6 ft. wide and 10 ft. deep. Digging and carting the 
earth away will cost 75c. a cubic yard. He wishes the interior 
lined with one thickness of brick each measuring 8" x 4" x 2" 
at $12 per M. Labor will cost $9, cement $8. Estimate the en- 
tire cost of the cistern. 

3. He also wishes a top for the above cistern made of 2- 
inch plank with four cross pieces 3" x 4". Estimate the cost 
of the material at $18 per M, allowing nothing for openings 
or waste, the platform to extend one foot on each of the four 
sides beyond the opening. 

4. Find the net "roceeds of a consignment of 90 brls. A 
sugar averaging 300 lbs. each @ 5^c. Frt. 50c. a brl., cartage 
10c. a brl., cooperage $3.50, commission 5%. 

5. Find the proceeds of a note for $895.50, dated Jan. 7, 
1910, payable in 4 months with interest at 6% and discounted 
Feb. 19, at 5%. 

6. A note for $2000 dated July 7, 1910, at 8 months with 
interest at 6% in favor of Jas. Hotchkiss, signed by Henry 
Milton had the following indorsements: Sept. 12, $500; Nov. 
27, $800. Find amount due at maturity using Merchants Rule 
of partial payments and find the time by exact days. 

7. A ladv deposited $500 in a savings bank and was allowed 
interest at the rate of 4% per annum. The interest was com- 
pounded semi-annually. What was the total amount due her 
at the end of two years? 

Engravers' Script by Giuseppe Galterio, a former student of W. A. Hoff- 
man, Valparaiso, Ind. 

at 8% from Feb. 7, 

8. Find the accurate interest on 
1908, to Oct. 18, 1910. 

9 A merchant bought a bill of merchandise amounting to 
$748.50. He was allowed a discount of 20, 10 and 5% off. He 
sold the goods at invoice prices allowing 10, and Z% off. 
What % profit did he make? 

10. A, B and C are partners and agree to share losses or 
gains in proportion to their average investment. Their respec- 
tive ledger accounts are as follows: A, Cr. Jan. 1, 1910, 
$8500- Oct 1, $2000 and Dr. July 1, $4300. B, Cr. Jan. 1, 1910, 
$5250 • May 1, $3000 ; Nov. 1, $1000 and Dr. Sept. 1, $500. C, 
Cr July 1, 1910, $5000; Oct. 1, $1000. What is each mans 
present worth at the end of the year, their net gain being 

11 I wish to secure a vearlv income of $2000 by an invest- 
ment in stock. What will be my total investment if I buy 
a stock listed at 98?4 and the company declares a quarterly 
dividend of 2]/-°^ paving usual brokerage at %%? 

12. I wish to borrow $3500 on my 90-day note with interest 
at 6% For what amount must I draw the note that when 
discounted at 6% it will equal the amount I am to borrow? 

Answers to the above will appear in the March issue. 


The Graduating Class of the Arkansas City Business College 
invites you to attend its Commencement Exercises, Thursday 
evening, December 22, 1910, at half-past eight o'clock at the 
High School Auditorium, Arkansas City, Kans. 

Sljp !5itsttt?ss Journal 

Product Work by F. B. Courtney. 


We wish we could write as remarkable an autograph as 
does E. M. Huntsinger, of the Huntsinger School, Hartford, 
Conn. To see it is never to forget it. And to see it attached 
as President of the Eastern Commercial Teachers' Associa- 
tion stirs our blood also. We hope the Spring "MEET" will 
delight his earnest soul. 

J. Kugler, Jr., Principal of the Newark, (N. J.,) Bus- 
iness College, writes of his "so busy" times, but does not fail 
to send us a large club for The Journal, with assurances of 
"more to follow." 

W. R. Hill, of the Bliss Business College, North Adams, 
Mass., declares that his "School is filled to overflowing in the 
day, and the evening class quite large also." That statement 
warms our heart, old as it is, for the young men and women 
are coming our way rapidly. 

A Typewriter Advertisement has a Thrilling Trip in a 
Passenger Balloon. — H. J. Champion of 10 S. Congress Ave., 
Atlantic City, had been in the habit of visiting the balloon 
kouse of Walter Wellman during the construction of "Amer- 
ica." One day Jack Irwin, wireless operator, borrowed from 
him a pencil and forgot to return it Later Champion re- 
ceived a letter from Irwin containing the pencil and this 
note : 

"I forgot to return your pencil but I was afterwards glad 
that I did forget, for it was the only one I had to write mes- 
sages with on the trip." 

Champion wouldn't sell the pencil for fifty times its value 
ticularly interested in this one inasmuch as it was one of the 
souvenir pencils advertising the Company's Model 10 machine 
and was given to Mr. Champion's son at the recent Car 
Builders' Convention in Atlantic City. 

A. C. Sloan, Davis Business College, Toledo, cheers us 
with such words as these : "We are having the best year we 
have ever had ; our attendance shows an increase of over 
50% more than any previous year, and our students are doing 
excellent work. From our point of view, the future for good 
business schools has never been brighter." 

From Bowling Green, Ky., through W. C. Brownfield 
comes this : "Prospects are good for heavy January enroll- 
ment." "Mills is certainly turning out the best lessons in 
business writing that have ever come from the hand of any 
man. So far as I can tell, this is the best he has ever done, 
combining as it does such great accuracy and his usual free- 
dom of movement." 

The staff of the Garbutt Business College, Calgary, Al- 
herta, has lately been increased by the addition of Misi 
Edith Johnston and Miss Isabelle Woodley. 

Principal J. A. Dacus, of the Texas Christian University, 
Fort Worth, Texas, writes most cheerily, saying, "Have 
been out of the work for several years, but naturally enough 
we all drift back." Welcome, old friend! 

S. C. Bedinger, of the Oklahoma Agricultural and Mech- 
anical College, writes us that he is "at the present time 
handling about two hundred Business and Sub-Freshmen 
students, besides teaching shorthand and book-keeping to quite 
a number of the business students." He does affirm with much 
positiveness, "You are giving us a great paper, and I hope the 
good work will continue." 

D. A. Casey, of the Capital Commercial School, Albany, 
N. Y., has no occasion to be disgruntled, for he writes us, 
saying: "We continue to gain here, as evidenced by the fact 
that our registration already exceeds last year's total." 

C. W. Jones, of Brockton, Mass., writes us that Miss Annie 
M. Bemis, of that flourishing city, and one of his pupili, 
has become the Supervisor of Penmanship in Brockton. Hail 
to the honors of teacher and taught ! 1 

C. E. Chamberlin, of Iowa Falls, Iowa, declares as if he 
meant it that "The Journal is-a great paper, and should have 
the support of all of our students." We positively declare 
that he's right. 

Victor Lee Dodson, Principal of the Wilkes-Barre Business 
College, Wilkes-Barre, Pa., is just one year old as a school 
proprietor of this fine commercial school. In new premises, 
with a faculty of five efficient helpers, and all necessary 
equipment, he is having success in teaching 105 day students 
and 76 night students. The Wilkes-Barre Board of Trade 
Journal gives Mr. Dodson and his school well-merited praise. 

Two statements startle us as we look at the letter-head of 
the Burdett College, Boston, Mass., the latter of which we 
have never seen put. thus plainly elsewhere. 1. "Larger 
than all other Commercial Schools and Shorthand Schools 
in Boston combined." 2. "Situations supplied free for Bur- 
dett graduates during life." 

A. D. Wilt, President of the Miami Commercial College, 
Dayton, O., encloses his check to us for The Journal, and 
expresses his pleasure at our "showing such encouraging 
signs of vigorous life." 

H. W. English, formerly of Pittsburg, Pa., has removed to 
Pottstown, Pa., and submits to our inspection several most 
worthy specimens of penmanship, of which as we may hon- 
estly say, "If all Americans wrote as neatly, plainly, beau- 
tively, we would be examples for the world." 

In Browne's Brooklyn Business College, April 22, 1911, at 
o'clock, p. m., a school champion typewriting contest will be 
held, under the charge of J. N. Kimball. Full information 
furnished by David H. O'Keefe, 179 Marcy Ave., Brooklyn. 
Prizes will be given. The Contest is under the auspices of 
the National Associaton of Isaac Pitman Shorthand Teachers 
and Writers. 

Spokane "goes wild" over the prospect of having the next 
Federation meeting of commercial proprietors and teachers in 
1912. R. J. Maclean, Secretary of the Spokane Chamber of 
Commerce, estimates that there will be 1,500 members of the 
Federation present and an equal number of visitors. 

The Chamber of Commerce sent the following tele- 
gram to Enos Spencer, president of the federation, in 

Chicago : 

"In behalf of the governors of the Pacific northwest 
states, the mayors of the cities of these states, and of 
the chambers of commerce and commercial schools of 
Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Alberta and 
British Columbia, from whom you received cordial in- 
vitations to come to the Pacific northwest and meet in 
annual convention in Spokane, we thank you and 
through you every member of the National Commer- 
cial Teachers' Federation for your consideration and 
acceptance of these invitations, and again assure you 
that a real western welcome awaits you in Spokane, and 
in all the other cities of the entire Pacific northwest. 
The vast agricultural, horticultural, mining and lum- 
ber resources, the superior climate and the magnificent 
scenery will be a revelation to you and you will enjoy 
every minute of your visit in this great growing 
country. We wish you and each of your mambers a 
very happy and orosperous new year." 

Department of Ornamental Writing 

Plates by F. W. TAMBLYN 



H. B. Slater, Newtown, N. Y., High School. 
W. D. Sears, Drake College, Jersey City, N. J. 
J. C. Barber, B. & S. Business College, Providence, R. I. 
N, A. Fulton, High School, Derby, Conn. 
F. P. Baltz, Eastern District High School, Brooklyn. N. V 
Miss Mabel E. Rice, Eagan School, Union Hill, N. J. 
Philetta M. Radclift'e, Woodbury Business College, Los An- 
geles, Calif. 

Clyde L. Newell, Wood's School, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

B. F. Wilson, St. Cloud, Fla. 

A. B. Wraught, Pittsfield, Mass. 

M. M. Van Ness, High School, Hoboken, N. J 

F. B. Hess, Heffley School, Brooklyn, N. V. 

D. H. O'Keefe, Brooklyn, N Y. 

The Missouri Valley Commercial Teachers' Association 
paid the educational journals a very nice compliment by giv- 
ing them free some advertising space in their program with 
the following statement : "Professional Journals : These 
journals have been loyal supporters of our Association, and 
deserve the patronage of every member. Every wide-awake 
teacher should subscribe for one or more of them, for they 
are the best in the world." 

It is not for the professional journals themselves to speak 
of the work they are doing for business education, but the 
fact remains, nevertheless, that there are those who little 
think of the time, money and thought devoted to professional 
interests that is given by these magazines. An expression of 
appreciation such as this appeals very strongly to the pub- 

22 QU)p Sitstttpsa Journal 

Problems and Solutions by F. P. Baltz, B. C. S. By Clyde L. Newell. 
JOURNAL ENTRIES TO CLOSE THE LEDGER OF A. & B. Solution of the exercise appearing in the January Jour- 
Dec. 31, 1909 — (Journal page 4). na \ t 

L.F. AUGUST 1, 1910. 1 

10 Goods Returned to Cred.tor 2100. 

10 T,° Purcliases ' Bills Accts. Sundry L.F Sundry Accts. Bills 

Rec. Pay. Rec. Pay. 

10 Sales : 1200. F. B. Conner and Chas. 

10 To Goods Returned by Customers... 1200. Enderton have this day 

'" formed a co-partner- 

~ . moftriri ship in the Furniture 

10 Trading Account 102600. business at 303 Main 

10 To Mdse. Inventory 11000. g un d er the nrm 

10 " Purchases 82900. name of Conner & Fn- 

10 " Salaries and Wages 6000. derton Furniture Co 

10 '' Rent 3300. investing their assets 

10 Insurance 400. and liabi i ities as 

shown in the follow- 

10 Insurance (newacct) 200. „., „, rAwfc^hant ft c a f, 

10 To Insurance (old acct.) 200. 2378.82 Cash^ck^bankft safe. 

469.30 Accts. Rec. per sched- 

10 Trading Account 650. ule A. 

10 To Salaries and Wages (new acct.).. 250. 376.80 B. Rec. 4 mo. note 

10 " Rent (new acct.) 300. with int. 6% 

•■ 3.39 Int. 54ds. on above. 

„, 240. Fur. & Fixt. per invt. 

10 Sales 96800. 125 . Insurance unexpired 

10 Mdse. Inventory (new acct.) 22600. prem. 

10 To Trading Account 119400. 825t Horse & wagon per 


10. Trading Account 16250. Accts. P ay - P« «"ed- 

10 To Profit and Loss Account 16250. „ u,e B - 896 - 48 

.. B. pay. 90 da. note 

with int. 6% 157.8* 

10 Interest 200. Int. 26 da. on above .68 

10 To Interest Rec Accrued (old acct) 200. F. B. Conner net in- 
vestment 9848.95 

10 Interest Pay Accrued (old acct.) 150. 2466.27 Cash certified check. 

10 To Interest 160. . 4245.39 Mdse. per invt. 

354.50 Fur. & Fixt. per invt. 

10 Profit and Loss Account 22653. . si0 °- Real Estate 303 Ma j» 

10 To General Expense 3000. . _ =?*■ 

10 " Interest ...... 470. 350 ' Andrew Carmer Accts. 

10 " Interest Pay Accrued (new acct) 160. „_ „ „ Eec - 

10 " Disc't on Sales 3000. 500. B. Rec. acceptance. 

10 " Coll. and Exch 230. 83.63 Expense 3/ 2 t. coal 

10 " Reserve for Bad Debts 1960. „ . , , ^-j* V',? ,, n0 

10 " Furniture and Fixtures 80. a^'A'm, u T" d bl11 J?' 08 

10 " Surplus 1000. ' A. Miller Accts. pay 465. 

10 " A Private Acct 4244.33 Dean tur. Lo. Accts. 

10 " B " " 8488.67 „ „ .„ , P a 7 1020., 5 

10 Interest Receivable Accrued (new acct.) 203. B - ¥a V- 60 da ; "°' e 

10 Disc't on Purchases 5000. ., ., , '"'■«% "6. 

10 Income on Investments 1200 on aDove 2.02 

10 To Profit and 'Loss.':.:.'.'.':::::::::: 6403. Chas - Enderton net 

.< investment 9533.94 

W Furniture and Fixture (newacct.) 720. 241.94 Thos. Matthews ac- 

10 To Furniture and Fixtures (old acct.) 720. cepted 30 da dft 

B. Pay. in full' inv.' 

10 Reserve for Bad Debts (old acct.) 2360. due to-day 241.94 

10 To Reserve for Bad Debts (new acct.) 2360. 12 

380.69 Dean Fur. Co. gave 

10 Surplus (old acct.) 4300 „ „ c „. note on acct. 

10 To Surplus (new acct.) 4300. 3.65 Dis. 67 ds. 

.• B. Rec. 4 mo. note 376.80 

, „ . „ . , ,, . Int. 4 mo. on above 7.54 

10 A Private Acct. (old acct.) 2144.33 17 

10 To A Private Acct. (new acct.) 2144.33 275, B. Pay. drew on acct. 

2.75 Int. 60 ds. on note 

10 B Private Acct. (old acct.) 6138.67 dne , Andrew Carner 

10 To B Private Acct. (new acct.) 51.38.67 . t0 " day 277,75 

876.80 622.63 21647.80 Ford. 22195.24 277.75 674.24 

Questions. — Close A & B's ledger and prepare a balance = — 

sheet Dec. 31, 1909. See December Journal for facts and 2 AUGUST 24 1910 

January Journal for trading and profit and loss statement. ' 

The Ledger will appear in the March issue and the Balance |™f' A,« ts - Sundry L ' F Sundry A £' c s ' ^ 

Sheet in the April issue. 876.80 628.M 21647.80 Ford. 22195.24 277^75 67M4 

No entries are given for the remaining accounts as the 121 - 36 B - R ee- 30 da. note 

procedure is very simple in each case. A's and B's capital C. A. Mason in full 

accounts remain as in the trial balance, the net gain having 25 a ° Ct ' 121-36 

been carried to their private accounts. It is assumed that it 806 ' 18 Wm - Kenney on Re a m c td 

is the intention of the partners to preserve the capital invest- B. Bixler N. Y. dft.' 

ments at $10,000 and $20,000 and withdraw net profits soon Mdse. Dis. 3%'^ S °°' 

after the books are closed; that any net losses are to be „„ amt - pd - 6 - 18 

charged against surplus ; that the partners are not to overdraw 65. Mdse. Retd to us an 

their private account balances to any great extent. Andrew Carmer^oak ^ 

In the Trading and Profit and Loss Statement, which was 998 16 99g 16 B Rec 31 Dr 

published in the January Journal, the word "Unexpired" ' 828.81 828.81 Accts. Pay/'Dr. 

should have appeared under the title of "Insurance" instead . . B. CC 'pay Re Cr. Cr ' 674 - 24 6U - 2i 

of the word "Unpaid." 23539.77 23539.77 

Slje iOuatnrss Journal 



that "Now is the appointed time," and that "Time is money," we wish to impress upon you 
the importance of selecting the best text-books. 

Is your school prosperous? Are you meeting the demand of business men for young 
men and young women who are capable of filling responsible positions in the commercial 
world? If not, search for the fault and correct it. Resolve to make your school a modern 
school ; a school that produces satisfactory results. 

Is your commercial department equipped with the best text-books? Have you dis- 
carded those which are out of date? If not, how can you expect your school to be classed 
with the leading commercial schools? The duty you owe your students is one to be con- 
sidered with much seriousness. 

We publish just the books you need. We have devoted our time and best efforts to 
the work; and we are confident that a trial will convince you of the superior merits of our 
text-books on the subjects of spelling, letter writing, English, shorthand, typewriting, com- 
mercial law, arithmetic, bookkeeping, and The Twentieth Century Business Practice. 
Our latest publication, Arithmetic Aids, would surely interest you. A great many principals 
of prominent schools include a copy of Everybody's Dictionary (pocket size) in each stu- 
dent's outfit. Your time in examining any of our publications would be well spent. 

Write for a free illustrated catalogue. 







I have drawn upon my 20 years of successful experience as a teacher of Penman- 
ship and have a correspondence course of instruction that is bringing; splendid results to 
those who enroll as my pupils. Many graduates of my school are filling high positions in 
America's best commercial schools and in banking and mercantile houses. My 
course of lessons won the first prize in a competition open to the world and they 
are better now than they were then, too. Write to-day for particulars ; become 
a Ransomerian student without delay. Answer this ad. and receive by 
mail a sample of my favorite pen and copy of the Ransomerian Journal. 



Kansas City, Mo. 

In answering advertisements please mention The Business Joubna 


Conducted by Harry Houston 

Supervisor of Penmanship, New Haven, Conn. 


The fore-arm and the sides of the paper should be parallel. 

Do not disconnect the letters. 

Make at the rate of about three words in ten seconds. 

Don't you, brother teachers, wish you could properly sign 
your name "J. M. Latham, Supt,", as does this superinten- 
dent of the Port Arthur, Tex., Business College, who just 
taunts us little fellows in this style: "The Business College 
was founded by J. W. Gates, of Xew York City, and is en- 
dowed by him. He has built fine college and dormitory 
buildings, and equipped them in elegant style. The whole 
plant, not including the grounds, has cost, up to date, $100,- 
000. I am getting a salary that is probably not exceeded by 
many business college teachers in the United States, which, 
of course, you will be glad to know." 

H. E. Wellbourne, of the West Allis, Wis., Public Schools, 
is much pleased with the Public School Department of The 
Business Journal, and sends us splendid specimens of the 
work done by his pupils in Penmanship. 

The National Typewriter Company, Ltd., Representatives 
of The Smith Premier Typewriter Co., in Toronto, advise 
that two individual sales of Smith Premier machines were 
made in one day to ministers for their private use, one be- 
ing to Dr. T. B. McDonald and the other to the Rev. 
Griffith Thomas, a former Professor of Oxford University 
who has recently moved to Toronto. 

®lje luamfss Journal 


By C. E. Sorber. 

This plate shows the capital letters, 
and you will have a chance to try 
your skill in making them. Measure 
off the spacing with a pair of dividers 
or compass, and rule with a T square. 
Use a medium hard pencil, rule light- 
ly, so the lines can be easily erased. 
I usually allow at least an inch and 
a half margin on the paper, thus 
greatly improving the looks of the 

It is better to excel in the execu- 
tion of the small letters than the cap- 
itals. The capital stem is the founda- 

tion for nearly one-half of the capital 
letters. I make it three spaces high. 
Exercise No. 1 illustrates the stem. 
Exercise No. 2 shows how I make the 
dot of the stem. The curves at the 
bottom of the stem are round and full. 
They should not be made too flat. 
The first part of A is made the same 
as the stem of P, only it should not 
be shaded. The last part begins light 
at the top, and grows wider as it 
nears the base line. The stem of 
the I should be made with more of 
a curve than the P and B. -I make 
the second shaded stroke as heavy 
as the stem. Cross the stem a space 
and a fifth above the base line. 


Every Business School Proprietor, 
Principal or Teacher should take note 
of the change of the location of the 
Eastern Commercial Teachers' Asso- 
ciation Convention from New Haven 
to Bridgeport, Conn. The Executive 
Committee, after a thorough investi- 
gation of the conditions at New Hav- 
en, has by unanimous vote made the 
change. The best hotel in New Haven 
having been torn down since the in- 
vitation to come to New Haven was 
accepted, and the lack of hotel ac- 
commodations being now known, the 
Committee decided to hold the meet- 
ing at Hotel Stratfield, Bridgeport, 
which is a very large, entirely new 
and every way acceptable place for 
the Convention. The time is not 
changed, but is April 13, 14 and IS. 


Can Make You -FREE* 
A Good Penman 

at Your Home 
During Spare Time 

Why go away to school 
master penmanship when ! 
the Tamblyn System it can be 
done as quickly at home with 
less than one-tenth the cost 
and without giving up pres- 
ent occupation? My book, 
' How to Become a Good 
Penman" contains copies and 
specimens and tells how 
others mastered it. Free. 
If you enclose stamp your name will be writ- 
ten on a card the finest you ever saw it. 


404 Myer Bldg., 1116 Grand Ave., Kansas City, Mo. 

This is a superb new volume of large pages 
(9 x 12) and cover, embodying masterpieces of 
the world's most famous engrossers. Mag- 
nificent specimens by Ames & Rollinson staff, 
Dennis. Holt, Geyer, Flickinger, Costello, 
Kinsley Studio, etc. More examples of mod- 
ern high grade engrossing than in all other 
books combined. Regular price $1.00. Book 
now selling for 50 cents. Stamps taken. 

229 Broadway. New York. 



F. W. TAMBLYN. Address Pri 

better on American, -- 
s Si. Colne. Lancashire, England 

AGENTS WANTED— Satisfaction guaran- 
teed. I will write your name on one dozen 
white, colored, emblem, design or comic cards 
for 15 cents. 

Set of Business Capitals, 10c. 

ntal Capitals, 15c. 


A limited number of students will be given the opportunity 
to receive instruction by correspondence in the art of 


All lessons will be fresh from the pen and brush of 


of the Journal Staff. Write for full particulars to Art 
Department, Business Journal. 

Arkansas City, Kan. 


and is easily learned at smal 
Here is your opportunity to 

Roses, Flowers, Birds, Ships, 
etc.. on calling cards by mail. 
It is a fascinating, money- 
making, home employment 
pense. A beautiful sample of the work 10c. Information free. 
money. A w DAK1N, Knife ArtUt, Syracuse. N. Y. 




Fine Points, 
Al, 128, 333, 818 

At all Stationers. 
Esterbrook Steel Pen Mfg. Co., 

Works: Camden, N. J. 95 John St., N. Y. 


iL\\t lBitsumis Journal 

The Journal office was well remembered with Christmas and 
New Year Greetings, too numerous to indicate individually. 
Very beautiful ones were received from the following : Smith 
Premier Typewriter Co., Syracuse, N. Y. ; T. J. Risinger, 
Utica, N. Y. ; Underwood Typewriter Co., New York ; W. A. 
Hend'rix, Ocala, Fla. ; Pedro Escalon, Santa Ana, Central 
America'; A. J. Willard, Gratz, Pa. ; J. E. Soule, Philadelphia, 
Pa.; Chas. Palmer, Wilmington, Del.; E. H. McGhee, Tren- 
ton, N. J.; W. P. Steinhaeuser, Asbury Park, N. J.; H. P. 
Bchrensmeyer, Quincy, 111.; Waterloo Business College Fac- 
ulty, Waterloo, la.; W. C. Brownfield, Bowling Green, Ky. ; 
Bobbs-Merrill Co., Indianapolis, Ind. ; Mr. and Mrs. W. A. 
Hoffman, Valparaiso, Ind.; R. S. Collins, Philadelphia, Pa.; 
H. W. Flickinger, Philadelphia, Pa.; D. A. Casey, Albany, 
N. Y. ; Duff's College, Pittsburg, Pa.; S. E. Leslie, Pough- 
keepsie, N. Y.; F. S. Field, Flushing, N. Y. ; Mr. and Mrs. 
E. M. Coulter, Roanoke, Va.; G. W. Harman, Brooklyn, N. 
Y. ; S. D. Holt, Philadelphia, Pa.; Edward C. Mills, Roch- 
ester, N. Y. ; E. M. Huntsinger, Hartford, Conn. ; G. T. Wis- 
well, Philadelphia, Pa.; D. Beauchamp, Montreal, Can.; Leigh 
Toland, La Crosse, Wis. 


What can you do? That is the question which settles the 
business for you. Give yourself a thorough preparation for 
the work you have chosen as a life-employment. It does 
not matter so much what you learn as how you learn ; the 
great point for business life is to induce proper mental and 
bodily habits, so as to make both capable of bearing the wear 
and tear they will be subjected to; to develop in them the 
power of grasping facts easily and completely, in a methodi- 
cal manner. The man who would advance in this world must 
not trust to others. Do not delude yourself with the idea 
that in case of need your friends will help you ; rely on your- 
self, know your own strength and resources, be above want- 
ing help, and you will find, as with success, so with favors 
and help, when men think you above wanting assistance, and 
the world sees all others helping you, they do the same. Men 
will push you along if you seem to be going along, but if you 
falter on the road, they either hesitate or help to push you 
down ; so never ask for help until every possible or impossible 
chance has been tried and considered. If you are poor, keep 
the knowledge to yourself,, but never flinch or quail before 
your liabilities. Know your position, and face it in a manly 
way, always being apprehensive of danger, yet resolved to 
conquer it. 



41 WORDS ? 

By H 

. W. English, 

Shamokin, Pa. 












Coeur d'Alene 



Fond du Lac 




























is written by Clyde H. Marshall, world's 
champion shorthand writer, and is 
taught 1 n good schools everywhere. 
Learn Succes Shorthand at your nearest 
school or by mail from us. For begin- 
ners and stenographers. 

Catalogue free. 
Suite 2412. 79 Clark St. , Chicago 

To Teachers! 

Free Trial 

As a business man. 

I appeal to you notto purchase 
any typewriter, at any price, 
nor from anyone, no matter 
how flattering the proposition 
may seem to you, until you 
have given me an opportunity 
to send you for Inspection and 
trial a new Fox Visible 
Typewriter I will do this 
at my own expense — will 
not even ask you to pay 
express charges. This will give you an oppor- 
tunity to call In any other typewriters you may have 
In mind and compare them side by side and polntfor 
point, with mine — and Ifthe new Fox Visible Type- 
writer is not a better typewriter than the 
best of the others — notmerely"iust as good" 
— I certainly do not want you to keep It 

For 20c a Day 

DAY! Sent on free trial to anyone— anywhere 
— at my expense — to be returned if not better than 
the best of other makes If purchased you can pay 
me a little down, after trial, and the balance at the 
rate of 20 cents a day — no payments on Sundays 
and Holidays. 

The Fox Is visible — you do not have to look 
beneath a lot of moving typebars to sec 
what is written! It has a Back Space Key. 
Tabulator. Two-color Ribbon with Automatic Move- 
ment and Removable Spools, Interchangeable Car- 
riages and Platens. Card Holder, Stenci I Cutting 
Device and Variable Line Spacer with Line Lock 
and Key Release. Its Speed is fast enough for the 
speediest operator, slow enouRh for the beginner — ■ 
It is extremely Durable and almost 

Let Me Help 

"Will you let me help 
you to come to such a 
wise decision that there 
will be no after regret- 
no financial loss— on 
your part? If so fill out 
the following coupon and 
mail It today — do it 
now before you 
forget it. 

Send for Catalog and Other Advertising 



W. R. FOX. F-res., Fox Typewriter Co., 
811-1111 Front St., Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Dear Sir — Pleasesendcatalogand arrangeforthe 
free trial of a Fox Visible Typewriter at your expense 
— notmine — wlthou t any obligation on mypart. I 
will return the typewriter to you within ten days. If 
I decide not to purchase It. 


We have some interesting information lor 
Teachers and School Superintendents 

Stjt Uustttf53 Journal 




If not, we believe we can help you to gain these supreme 
qualities — qualities that make teaching inspiring and delightful 
to both instructor and pupils. 

Knowledge, full and broad, of subject matte r and of best methods o f 
presentation these give the teacher confidence and reserve power . 

If you are interested, write us and get full information about our Summer School 

for Commercial Teachers. 

A Successful Accountant 

Mr. Charles L. Hall of Boston is now making Several Thousand Dollars 
a year as Public Accountant and Auditor, as a result of having taken the 
Bennett Accountancy Course. His return is over 1000% per annum on the 
cost of the course. Mr. Hall's address will be given on request to any person 
desiring his opinion of the course. 

Correspondence instruction conducted by the author of the course. Sat- 
isfaction guaranteed. Successful students in all parts of the country. Send 
for catalog. 


R. J. Bennett, C. F\ A. 




By Willard B. Bottome, Official Stenographer New York Supreme Court. 

Holder of world's record for speed and accuracy. 

Size of book 5 1-2x8 inches; 235 pages; bound in buckram 

Contains twenty-one chapters. Sixty-eight pages in shorthand embracing 
principles of good phrasing, conflicting words, familiar phrases, arbitrary 
signs, and other subjects of vital interest. 

Contains advanced lessons in speed and accuracy; conflicting words; 
principles of good phrasing; arbitrary signs; arrangement of notes; court 
stenographer's duties; judge's charge; editing; sermon reporting; grand jury 
reporting; daily copy cases; dictating to the talking machine; and many other 
subjects of interest to both scholar and teacher. 

Price $2.00 by mail, postage prepaid. Special prices to teachers 

for examination copy and in quantities. Send for sample pages. 

Mention the Business Journal in answering this advertisement. 
WILLARD B. BOTTOME, S-B Beekman Street, New York 

and Certificates for improve- 
ment in Penmanship ; skill 
acquired in Touch Typewrit- 
ing; membership in the Employment department; Miniature Di- 
plomas the size of a Railroad pass ; certificates for Night School 
graduates, also those who attend school but do not graduate. 

The finishing end is the important one in any business transac- 
tion and we are giving the best years of our lives to better the 
finishing end of the school business. Our catalogue contains many 
new ideas that are practical and it is yours for the asking. 

F. W. MARTIN CO., Boston. 

ry for penmen doing ornamental writing to hare a holder adapted ta 
special purpose. The above holder is hand-turned and adjusted, made of 
•elected rosewood or ebony, and cannot be made by an automatic lathe. LOOK FOR THE 
BRAND. If your dealer cannot supply you, send to the designer and manufacture!. 
12-inch - Fancy, $1; Plain, 50c 8-inch - Fancy, 50c; Plain, 25c 

A. MAGNUSSON, 208 North 5th Street, Quincy, 111. 

News of the Profession. 

Buena Vista College, of Storm 
Lake, Iowa, is a school of very high 
grade, with fourteen teachers, and has 
recently incorporated with itself the 
Estherville Business College equip- 
ment, good will and students, and E. 
E. Strawn becomes the popular and 
energetic head of the Business de- 
partment. Iowa is famous for its 
colleges, and Storm Lake holds a high 
position among them. 

Ferris Institute, Big Rapids, Mich., 
under the personal direction of W. N. 
Ferris, holds a leading position in 
Michigan school work. Ferris Insti- 
tute is in closest touch with every 
college in the State, including the 
University of Michigan. In the Fall 
term of 1910 690 students were en- 
rolled, and for the mid-winter term 
1200 are assured. A specialty of Fer- 
ris Institute is the preparation of 
competent teachers for commercial 
and shorthand schools. Looking at 
the faculty of twenty-six we are com- 
pelled to say, "If brains, energy and 
success are mirrored in the human 
countenance, these men and women 
have these in abundance." 

The Gregg School, Chicago, Illi- 
nois. In the catalogue we see Broth- 
er Gregg looking as happy as if he 
owned the world; and he knows he 
does in a large measure. Forty pages 
of an elegantly printed booklet tell 
us of the "beginnings" of the Gregg 
School in 1896, in one room, with one 
teacher and one pupil, and its devel- 
opment until it holds its prominent 
position in the Thomas Church Build- 
ing on Wabash Avenue. 

The Alberta Business College Cal- 
endar is before us, bearing the Motto, 
"What We Have Done for Others, 
We Can Do For You." Alberta Col- 
lege, in Edmonton, one of the most 
thriving cities of the Dominion, has 
a fine equipment and staff of experi- 
enced instructors. Its courses are of 
the best, and Messrs. E. Scott Eaton, 
R. J. McGregor, Herbert Lawrence 
and David Elston, the accomplished 
secretary and penman, make a team 
which is rarely equaled. On one page 
of this calendar we find the picture 
of a portion of the thirty-five students 
who have received certificates of 
1909-10, in the center of the group 
being their leader, Mr. Elston. 

"Modern Business" is a stunner. 
It is published by the Merchants & 
Bankers' Association. A. J. Harding, 
President, Newark, N. J. H. J. Ste- 
vens is Vice Principal. It is with 
cheerful pride that Mr. Harding de- 
clares in the preface of his magazine, 
"I am the man behind the Merchants' 
and Bankers' School; it is my life 
work. My time, my experience, my 
personality, my whole make-up is 
here for the benefit of the students 
and our patrons. Mv school is not 
lacking in one point." The illustra- 
tions are apparently the chief feature 
of this magazine, to tell the whole 
storv; yet a little booklet of 14 pages 
neatly prepared and printed presents 
the courses and the tuition rates in 
succinct form. 

In answering advertisements please mention The Business Journal. 


ctljr Susutras Journal 


Classified Advertisements will be run 
under the above head for 5c. a word, 
payable in advance. Where the ad- 
vertiser uses a nom de plume answers 
will be promptly forwarded. 

Kellogg's Teachers' Agency, 31 Union Square, New 
York, established 21 years, has more calls for commer- 
cial teachers in eastern high schools than the Agency can supply. All 'round teach- 
ers, fine writers needed, not shorthand only. No charge for registration. Com- 
petent teachers easily placed by this agency. Circulars free and application form. 
Write to-day. 


hool with a first- 
tstanding tuition, 
iles. Poor health 
ded bargain fo 

FOR SALE— A finely equipped bu 

having a commodious building ot its own, 
with quiet, well lighted and steam heated study 
and class rooms. Located in one of the North 
Middle States. A model 
class reputation. No t 
Nearest competitor is 35 
reason for selling. A de 

good man. Address, D. C, care of the Busi 
kess Journal. 

IF you desire an Al Penman, Designer and 
Engrosser as well as a Normal trained 
teacher of Bookkeeping, etc., with a good per- 
sonality, address Opportunity for Big School, 
c/o Business Journal. 

FOR SALE— Business College in Middle West. 

Grand opportunity for man with money to 

buy quick. Address "281," c/o Business Jour- 


are being listed with us daily. If you are not 
satisfied with your present position, or if the 
chances for advancement are not good, get in 
line for something better at once. We have 
helped many others to better positions and 
know that we will not disappoint you. 

Southwest Branch, Bartlesville, Okla. 
C. D. Foster, Mgr. 

C. F. Nesse, of Heald's Business 
College, Chico, California, declares 
with emphasis, "The Journal is all 
right. I am glad you started a Pub- 
lic School Department. A good fea- 
ture. I shall try to get the Public 
School teachers to join." 

The tastefulness with which the 
program of the National Commer- 
cial Teachers' Federation, Chicago, 
111., has been prepared and printed de- 
mands at least a brief notice. The first 
page has, as its chief feature, the col- 
ored representation of the badge to 
be worn by the members of the Fed- 
eration, and the last page gives the 
delegates an idea of the hostelry to 
which they go on arrival; the inner 
pages give in outline the subjects to 
be discussed in the subsidiary meet- 
ings of the Federation. 

The Ohio University Bulletin, Sou- 
venir Edition for the Ohio Univer- 
sity Summer School of 1910, is one 
of the most striking volumes of 178 
pages to which our attention has ever 
been called. We have taken the pains 
to count the most interesting and il- 
lustrative photographs, cuts and dia- 
grams in volume, and they amount to 
more than 250. Seven hundred and 
seventy-six students were in the Sum- 
mer Schools, with a faculty of 48 
members. This sumptuous volume 
is a most expensive and valuable pre- 
sentation of one of Ohio's great Uni- 
versities, of which there are several, 
and will be assuredly prized by every 
alumnus andalumna of the Ohio Uni- 

San Francisco takes two of our men at $1800 

San Francisco Business College took our man for the head 
of their Gregg Shorthand Department at $1S00. Healds 
Business College started the New Year with our candidate 
at the head of their Business Practice Department at a sal- 
ary of $1S00. 

If you want a better position before September, or for 
next year write us now. We get results. Let us assist you. 

Robed A. Grant. Mgr. Luther B. D'Armond, Associate Mgr. Webster Groves, SL Louis, Mo. 



During the past few weeks we have filled from ONE to FIVE High School Positions in each 
of fourteen different states. Salaries from $60 to $150 per month. 


Free rCEistration if you mention this JOURNAL. 




Specialists for every department are in demand. We charge no 
trouble to answer questions. Thoroughly reliable. 

ollment ins Write ui. N« 


For commercial teachers last season, for which we had no candidates available. Filled 
Dme excellent positions, but need more men! Calls from high schools, colleges and busi- 
ess colleges. Write to-day. 


You Never Can Tell 

when some school will want a teacher of your qualifications. The only safe 
thing to do is to register with us and be ready. Don't think that because it is 
late in the season there is no business. There are calls every week in the 
year for teachers in some branch. 

UNION TEACHERS' BUREAU, 229 Broadway, New York. 


This is written "the morning after" — Christmas; just a few 
minutes before our manager starts for the Chicago convention. The 
editor says lie must have copy by January 1, and so we must be 
brief. Among December calls, three came from the Pacific Coast 
and one from the Middle West, for principals, at from $1500 up. 
Every sign points to a large volume of business for this Agency in 
1911. We want to help you, whether teacher or principal. Our 
acquaintance, our experience, our carefully organized office machin- 
ery are all at your service. We wish you a prosperous 1911. 


"A Specialty by a Specialist" E. E. G AYLORD, Manager. 1 1 Baker Ave.. Beverly, Mass. 




You cannot imagine what 

beautiful cards, resolution* 

and other pen-work you can produce 
supply sent postpaid for $1.26. Cii 

s and beautiful r 
W. DAKJN. Knife 

ship Journal free. 

d Pen Artist. Syracuse, N. 

Script prepared for engraving purposes. 

Write for my Penmanship circular. Just out 



ng advertisements please mention The Business 


Mailed for 50c. Send 2c. for circular 

W. L. -L>Ui\IJN,j ERSEYCIT Y iN j 

®ljt» Utastttess Journal 


Students of 

Disputed Handwriting 

should send for free 

Illustrated Specimen Pages 

of Questioned Documents 

By Albert S. Osborn 
525 Pages, 200 Illustrations. 

Published by 

The Lawyers' Co-Operative Publishing Co., 

Rochester, N. Y. 


Recognized the world over as 
The Standard of Perfection in Penmaking 

No. 601 EF Magnum Quill Pen 

Sold by Stationers Everywhere 


ALFRED FIELD & CO., Agents, 93 Chambers St., N. Y. 



The kind you are sure to use 
with continuous satisfaction. 

At Dealers Generally. 

JS% -A Ete'dor send 15 cents for 2 oz. 

nareoai , , , 

- bottle by mail, to 

CHAS. M. HIGGINS & CO., Mfrs. 

271 Ninth St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 





Three Grades : 

No. 489 — very-soft 

No. 490 — soft medium 

No. 491 — medium. 
Send 10c for samples. 
Jersey City, N. J. 

Have you ever used a pen that gave entire 
satisfaction? A pen that would slide easily 
over any kind of paper? Eight 2-cent stamps 
gets three dozen of just the pen for business 

229 Broadway, New York. 


C. L. Walters, of The Bedford Busi- 
ness University, Bedford, Indiana, re- 
ports the largest enrollment in five 
years' experience. He also reports 
that the interest in Penmanship in 
the County is so great that it makes 
large promise for his school in the 

We have received the Program of 
the Graduating Exercises, on Friday, 
Dec. 16, of the Eastman-Gaines 
School of the City of New York. The 
Program is beautifully illustrated by 
the pictures of the building, owned 
by the School in which it is located, 
and claimed to be "the handsomest 
and best equipped building devoted 
to commercial work in the United 
States," by pictures of Clement Car- 
rington Gaines, President, and Hen- 
ry Venable Gaines, Principal, of the 
Institution. It also presents a list of 
the students of the year. 

Spaulding Commercial College, 
Kansas City, Mo., under James F. 
Spaulding, A. M., sends forth an ex- 
ceedingly attractive souvenir Pro- 
gram of its forty-fifth Anniversary, 
given under the auspices of the S. C. 
C. Literary Society. This program 
was almost exclusively musical, show- 
ing business and the arts going gra- 
ciously hand in hand. We congratu- 
late Mr. Spalding and his School on 
their great prosperity. 

T. P. McMenamin, Broad & Vine 
Streets, Philadelphia, with twenty 
years' experience as an examiner of 
questioned handwriting, was recently, 
as expert, called in a case where, by 
a clever interpolation, a document was 
made to take the form of a Will, in- 
volving many thousand dollars. It is 
possible this case may be written up 
for our columns. 

Large enterprises should be large- 
ly advertised, and here comes a full 
page Ad. in a large-sized paper, 
RIAN," Columbia, Mo. This is the 
announcement in captivating form 
of the Columbia Business College, 
and its unparalleled offer of a life- 
scholarship in either its commercial 
or shorthand departments, or the two 
combined, and signed by its Presi- 
dent, C. E. Baldwin. Success to this 
caterer to young people. 

The Vermont Business College, 
Burlington, Vt., does not "put its 
light under a bushel," but sends forth 
a large annual calendar, suitable for 
the walls of a business office or a li- 
brary, to be examined every month 
of the year. A holiday sermon and 
a Greeting on another sheet accom- 
pany the calendar. 

It is a wonder that the picture pos- 
tal card has not been more largely 
used in the furtherance of Business 
Education. But here we have it. The 
Dakota Business College, Fargo, 
North Dakota. "The Great Business 
Training School of the North West," 
delights our eyes by two tastefully 
colored postals representing its large 
building with its new addition, and 
also the immense room devoted to the 
Department of Commerce and Bank- 
ing. Such cards as these cannot fail 
to give a strong impression of the 
quality and .enterprise of a great 






Is the best System of Short- 
hand for the Court, the Senate, 
the Office or the School. It 
is the equal of any as regards 
to speed, and superior to aUas 
to legibility and simplicity. 

The many schools that 
adopted it last season are 
unanimous in their praise 
and without an exception 
state that they graduated 
better writers in a shorter 
time, their Shorthand De- 
partments were improved and attendance increased 
Teacher's Course Free.-Wnte for particulars 
EDWARD TOBY, F. A. A.— C. C. A.-President 

Toby's Schools of Correspondence 

156 Fifth Ave., Dept. 1, New York City, N. Y. 
or Waco, Texas, Drawer 5. 

Carnegie College gives Free Tuition by mail 
to one student in each county and city in the 
U. S. and Canada. 

Normal Academic and Business Courses 
Alg. Chem. Physics Arith. Book-keeping 

Lit. Rhet. Phys. Geog. Geog. Shorthand 
Lat. Geom. Methods Gram. Penmanship 
Bot. Geol. Zool. Hist. Com. Law. 

50 other branches from which to select. 
Cut out this ad. and mail with application for 

Free Tuition to 



itroduce a series of valuable | 
ucational works, the above 
will be sent to all applicai 

14 Park Place, New York 



agents with each order. AGENTS WANTED. 

BLANK CARDS Li" 17^' ^1 

itpaid. 15c. 1.000 by expri 

About 10 different 

mis. Ma 


100 postpaid. 25c. Less for more. Ink, Glossy Black or 
Very Best White. 15c. per bottle. 1 Oblique Pen Holder. 
10c. Gillott's No. 1 Pens, 10c. per doz. Lessons in Card 
Writing. Circular for stamp. 

W. A. BODE, Box 176. FAIR HAVEN, PA. 

Makes lettering in two colors or shades AT 
ONE STROKE from one color of ink. 
TOMATIC SHADING PENS with two colon 
of Automatic Ink, Alphabets, Figures, etc., for 
$1.00. postpaid. Address. 

Newton Stoakes Shading Pen Co., 
Pontiac, Mich. Catalog free. 


ii ■ i ■ ■ i ■ ■ ■TTT^ 

203 Broadway New York.,. 

In answering advertisements please mention Thx Business Tourhau 


till]? Husincss Jtaurttal 


Catalogues and circulars of the 
schools named below will be sent free 
upon application. 

Louisville, Kentucky. 
Enos Spencer, President. 

Practical Business School 

St. Paul, Minn. 
Walter Rasmussen, Proprietor. 

E. B. Coleman, Pres. 

A. S. Disbrow, Sec.-Treas. 



T. J. Risinger, Principal and Proprietor. 

W. S. Risinger, Secretary. 

Eastman-Gaines Schools 

For information address Marshall V. Gaines, 
Principal, km Wa-hniKton St.. Poughkcepsie, 
N. Y., or Henry V. Gaines. Principal, Lenox 
Ave. and 123d St., New York, N. Y. 

Founded 18S9 as Eastman National Business College 
Academic, Business and Correspondence 
Departments., Accounting, Bookkeeping, Com- 
merce and Finance, Stenography, Telegraphy, 
Typewriting, Penmanship. Catalog on request. 
CLEMENT C. GAINES. M. A., L.L. D., President. 


Penmen whose names appear below 
will be glad to fill orders for all kinds 
of pen work. Write for terms. 

J. D. RICE, 

Chillicothe Bus. Col. & Nor. School, 

Chillicothe, Mo. 



Examiner of Handwriting 

Yonge & Gerrard Sts., Toronto. 

Microscopical Expert and Examiner 
of Questioned Handwriting, Ink, Etc. 

26 Years of Court Experience. 

69 Clark Street, Chicago, III. 


36 South 5th St., Minneapolis, Minn. 

Questioned Writings and Anonymous Letteri 



Examiner of Questioned Documents 

Pittsburgh. Pa. 

25 Years Continuous Practice 

Denver National Bank, Denver. 

Examiner of Questioned Handwriting. 
Ink and Paper. 
Fifteen Years' Experience. 

Expert Examiner of Disputed Docu- 
ments and Accounts. 
41 Park Row, New York City. 


R. J. Maclean, for some years the 
hustling superintendent of Goldey 
College, is now the "man at the front" 
in the various enterprises of the Spo- 
kane Chamber of Commerce, Spo- 
kane, Washington. Through his 
wideawakeness, Chamber of Commerce 
Luncheons are held every Tuesday 
at 12 o'clock. See what a practical 
bill of fare he presents in addition to 
the attractions for the physical man: 
Dec. 20. Industrial Day; Dec. 27, In- 
surance Day; Jan. 3, City Water Day; 
Jan. 10, Commercial Commissioners' 
Day; Jan. 17, Wholesalers' Day; Jan. 
24, Real Estate Day; etc. He invites 
us to "drop in and talk it over." Alas, 
Alas, we have no flying machine or 
Pegasus. What shall we do? 

"Dennis does it." Our Dennis. 
Your Dennis. The Brooklyn Dennis. 
The great Penman, Dennis. He is 
one of the most designing men we 
ever knew. He illuminates every- 
thing he touches. He is thoroughly 
engrossed in many undertakings. He 
does do things. W. E. Dennis does 
not need picture postal cards; he 
makes them. He makes pen-picture 
postals which are truly marvels of the 
penman's art. Witness those received 
in this office. 

N. C. Brewster, the well-known 
penman of Wellsboro, Pa., has been' 
called to pass through the waters of 
affliction, in the loss of his mother, 
Mrs. Clara A. Brewster, who died at 
her home in Waverly, N. Y., on Dec. 
6, after a long illness, at the age of 

We have received No. 8, Vol. XII, 
of "PROGRESS," the monthly paper 
of the The Parsons Business College, 
Parsons, Kansas, edited by J. C. Ol- 
son, President. Very few commer- 
cial schools publish a magazine which 
can compare with this one of twelve 
pages and a cover. An attractive 
flashlight picture of the College Ban- 
quet, cuts of J. D. Carter, Principal 
of the Business Department, Miss 
Clara Sayre, Principal of the Short- 
hand Department, and of twenty or 
more students now in paying posi- 
tions, with other illustrations, besides 
rich and entertaining reading matter, 
constitute the presentation of the 
Business School which will celebrate 
its Twentieth Anniversary on Janu- 
ary 14, 1911. 

The Catalogue of the Baker City 
Normal and Business College, Baker 
City, Oregon, has reached our desk. 
A. L. McCauley is the Principal. The 
curriculum and the claims and possi- 
bilities of the institution are well pre- 
sented. There is a vast population 
in Baker and other counties, with five 
hundred mines, and the youth of these 
mining homes have a fine local school 
in which to study for the world's 

maintained their superiority for 

Quality of Metal, 




The Pen for expert and careful writers. 
10 pens and 2 penholders with Cork and 
Rubber finger tips sent post paid on receipt 
of 10 CENTS in coin or stamps. 


349 Broadway, New York. 





Specimen Letter, Business Hand $ .60 

Specimen Letter Ornamental and Super- 
fine 76 

Wedding Invitations, dozen 1.60 

Written Cards — very fine, dozen 26 

12 Lessons in Business Writing 7.60 

English, j A STRYKER, Kearney, Nebr. 


October 1st we moved our entire plant from Knoxville, Tenn., to Cincinnati, Ohio. This move 
was made because the great demand for "20th Century Bookkeeping" supplies makes it necessary 
for us to be located where we can get the best shipping facilities. 

If you are not familiar with our sets get acquainted with them. Address, 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 

mention The Business Journal. 

(HI)? iSustitr-BS Journal 


Why do 

Monarch Operators 

attain the greatest proficiency 
in speed and accuracy—in quan- 
tity and quality of work—due to 

MONARCH Light Touch. 

**It is a boon to teacher and pupil. 
**It lightens the task of both. 
**It makes the MONARCH. 

The Typewriter for the 
Business School 

Do you train BILLING OPERATORS? Won't it pay you to 
investigate our Billing and Special machines with a view to 
installing such a department? 


The Monarch Typewriter Building 

300 Broadway, New York. 



knows why the majority of commercial schools throughout the country teach the 

Any Underwood Operator can tell you why the majority of typewriters in the 
majority of Commercial Schools throughout the country are UNDERWOODS. 

Any Underwood operator can tell you that the BEST positions in the business 
world are UNDERWOOD positions. 

Any Underwood operator will tell you that UNDERWOOD operators are always 
in demand. 

Ask any Underwood operator or write 





ering advertisements please mention The Business Journal. 

Our Latest 

School Census 

just completed, shows a heavy increase over 
the highest previous total of Remington 
Typewriters used in business schools. It 
shows a 2 to 1 Remington majority over 
any other typewriter. 

The Remington is the world's 
standard Typewriter 

Hence it fol- 
lows that "Miss 
is the world's 
standard typist 
and the number 
of "Miss Rem- 
ingtons" is grow- 
ing every day. 
They know by 
experience that 
it pays best to 
operate the best 

Remington Typewriter Company 


New York and Everywhere